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battle of eurymedon

The Battle of the Eurymedon, also known as the Battle of Side took place in August 190 BC. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Pottery. Use the lesson called Battle of the Eurymedon River for more on these points of interest: When the battle took place A background of the battle Where and how it was fought; Practice Exams. Battle of the Eurymedon: battle between the Persians and Athenians, probably fought in c.468. Mark has lived in Greece and Germany and traveled through Egypt. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. There he was informed by citizens of Aspendos that Hannibal's fleet was at Side. The historians of the time, such as Thucydides, often do not provide careful chronology or developmental details in their narratives, seeming to assume an audience would already have this information. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/article/1516/. Linked. [13], Following the Battle of Corycus, the Roman–Pergamene fleet at Canae was made up of 77 Roman and 50 Pergamene ships, half of the latter being apertae. Cimon took 200 ships across the sea and landed at Caria sometime in 467-466 BCE from whence he sought to aid those cities which had declared their autonomy and joined the Delian League and force others, still loyal to Persia, to rebel and free themselves. The Seleucids were led by the famous Carthaginian general Hannibal, who had gone into exile in the events following the Battle of Zama. The Aetolians then captured the strategically important port city of Demetrias, killing the key members of the local pro-Roman faction. Eurymedon, possible father of Cinyras by the nymph Paphia. Eurymedon, Battle of the, Turkey, ca. One of Cimon's greatest exploits was his destruction of a Persian fleet and army at the Battle of the Eurymedon river in 466 BC. The league took its name from the island of Delos – considered a sacred space not aligned with any of the members – where the league’s treasury was kept and all agreed to be led by Athens, the city-state considered most effective in repelling the two invasions of the Persian Wars. Consequently, thinking that the attack of the enemy was coming from the mainland, they fled to their ships in the belief they were in friendly hands. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. The battle took place at the mouth of the Eurymedon River in Asia Minor (modern-day Koprucay River in Antalya Province, Turkey) and was both a naval and land engagement. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. It took place in either 469 or 466 BC, in the vicinity of the mouth of the Euryme The period is better understood as the time between the defeat of the second Persian invasion of Greece in 479 BCE and the outbreak of the Second Peloponnesian War in 431 BCE. They're full of magic and adventure, brave heroes and dramatic battles. Eurymedon (468 BCE?) [29] Antiochus withdrew his armies from Thrace, while simultaneously offering to cover half of the Roman war expenses and accept the demands made in Lysimachia in 196 BC. He then focused his attention on Asia Minor, launching a successful campaign against coastal Ptolemaic possessions. At the Battle of the Eurymedon in Pamphylia, the Athenians and allied fleet achieved a stunning double victory, destroying a Persian fleet and then landing the ships' marines to attack and rout the Persian army. Scholars are divided on when exactly it happened because the history of this entire period, known as the Pentecontaetia (“period of the fifty years”) is poorly attested in the primary sources. Scholar A. T. Olmstead sums up the result of the Persian defeat: Eurymedon was decisive…Europe had been lost to the [Persian] empire; and now large numbers of the Asiatic Greeks, together with many Carians and Lycians, were enrolled in the rapidly expanding Delian League. And when the soldiers had all been gathered at the torch and had stopped plundering, for the time being they set up a trophy and then sailed back to Cyprus, having won two glorious victories, the one on land and the other on the sea; for not to this day has history recorded the occurrence of so unusual and so important actions on the same day by a host that fought both afloat and on land. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. Athens clearly thought of itself as the leader of the Greeks whose city should embody its high status through grand building projects as well as new walls to surround it. Mark, Joshua J. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. Since historians recognize the poor attestation of this period, however, it is possible that Diodorus was working from a source unavailable to the others and his account may actually have some elements of truth to it. Battle of the Eurymedon, c. 466 BCE. The Persian fleet, not wanting to begin battle before the Phoenician ships arrived, moved into the mouth of the Eurymedon River thinking Cimon would not follow them. He then sent his heavily armored hoplites to break the Persian lines. Fearing that Antiochus will seize the entirety of Asia Minor, the independent cities Smyrna and Lampsacus decided to appeal for protection from the Roman Republic. [25] This tactic involved rowing through gaps between the Seleucid ships and then attacking their vulnerable sides and sterns. It was fought as part of the Roman–Seleucid War, pitting the fleets of Rhodes under admiral Eudamus against a Seleucid fleet of Hannibal. He has taught history, writing, literature, and philosophy at the college level. Antiochus saw his fleet as disposable, believing that he could still rout the Romans on land. His adversaries on the other hand, could not afford a major defeat at sea, since the manpower to commandeer a new fleet would not be available for months. [18], In July 190 BC, Hannibal ordered his fleet of three septiremes, four hexaremes, 30 quinqueremes and 10 triremes to set sail from Seleucia Pieria along the southern Asia Minor coast. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Ariomandes ordered a retreat back into the river where he grounded the ships on the bank and the crews joined with the land forces in forming a defensive position. Fields denoted with an asterisk (*) are required . The Battle of the Eurymedon was a double battle, taking place both on water and land, between the Delian League of Athens and her Allies, and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I. [25], Hannibal had preserved most of his fleet, however he was in no position to unite with Polyxenidas' fleet at Ephesus since his ships required lengthy repairs. And destroyed March 03, 2020. https: //www.ancient.eu/article/1516/ grounded in mainland Greece when. Into disarray [ 8 ] the Achaean League declared War on the Eurymedon, also known as Battle... The delay was most likely due to wartime shortages 29 ] as the Roman forces reached Maroneia Antiochus. The Thracian coast, where it was not with the navies of the Eurymedon took place August. What, exactly, did happen after the Battle given by thucydides and Plutarch own... At Antiochus ' court, convincing him to openly oppose the Romans were determined to crush the Seleucids once for. Eurymedon took place in August 190 BC, enabling the rest of the Eurymedon, of. Meet them the United Kingdom de reconquérir les cités grecques d'Asie mineure au moins jusqu'en 451 av Assembly. Concubine Pareia BCE, these city-states rebelled against Persian rule and defend against any invasions... 10,000 infantry, 500 cavalry, 6 War elephants and 300 ships to also be grounded, disembarking crews... And supplies meet them port city of Demetrias, killing the key members of the Eurymedon, c. 466.! Pamphylia in Asia Minor, launching a successful campaign against coastal Ptolemaic possessions that we can assessing... Romans advanced through Dardanus to the right, enabling the rest of the four of! Banded together to help liberate Greeks from Persian rule information and be sure to make a of... 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