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features of computer network

Many network operating systems can detect hardware within the system to allow for asset discovery within the network. The benefits of wireless networking depend on the standard employed: Your email address will not be published. A local area network, or LAN, consists of a computer network at a single site, typically an individual office building. Network allows the security by ensuring that the user has the right to access the certain files and applications. Network must be scalable so that we can extend the network by adding new devices. Sharing of devices and resources is the purpose of computer network. To receive consistent coverage for a computer network, there must be a minimal level of electromagnetic interference. • Scalability: A network must work well independently of the number of nodes that compose it. Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer Networking Last Updated: 19-12-2018 Computer network is defined as a set of interconnected autonomous systems that facilitate distributed processing of information. Mail us on hr@javatpoint.com, to get more information about given services. Network operating systems support the basic underlying operating features of networks. Data transfer and e-mail : Data and network file transfer is an important feature of modern LANs not only transmit files, data, information, but also can send voice, images. This problem can be overcome by using the routing or switching devices. . These include support for processors and the various protocols that allow computers to share data. This lesson is all about fundamentals of computer networking and we describe a list of common components of a typical small network and see how we can lay them out in network diagrams. Your email address will not be published. Network provides us to communicate over the network in a fast and efficient manner. over the internet. We can install the applications on the main server, therefore, the user can access the applications centrally. Computer networking allows the sharing of a feature such as a DVD player from one computer to another in the network that does not have a DVD player, as an example of shared resources. These are highly intelligent devices. Developed by JavaTpoint. Since the files are stored in the main server which is centrally located. . . LAN(Local Area Network) Local Area Network is a group of computers connected to each other in a … Had it not been of high importance, nobody would have bothered connecting computers over a network. A single computer can be a … In Windows Vista the Network and Sharing center was pretty, what I … • Robustness: The design of a network should allow it to function correctly, even though there are defective nodes. . SPEED : In general, no human being can compete to solving the complex computation, faster than computer. DHCP. Backup: A computer network must have a central server that keeps the backup of all the data that is to be shared over a network so that in case of a failure it should be able to recover the data faster. Required fields are marked *, Copyright © 2012 – 2020 BeginnersBook . This means the network … . 1. Data Sharing: One of the reason why we use a computer network is to share the data between different systems connected with each other through a transmission media. over the internet. . The software components are operating system and protocols. Privacy Policy . Network and Sharing Revisions. Some of its main uses are as follows − Information and Resource Sharing − Computer networks allow organizations having units which are placed apart from each other, to share information in a very effective manner. But, it decreases the speed of the connection and data of the transmission speed also decreases, this increases the chances of error occurring. For example, a company runs 100 computers over a computer network for their 100 employees, lets say they hire another 100 employees and want to add new 100 computers to the already existing LAN then in that case the local area computer network should allow this. Improve the reliability of the computer system. A LAN is very useful for sharing resources, such as data storage and printers. Software and hardware compatibility: A computer network must not limit all the computers in a computer network to use same software and hardware, instead it should allow the better compatibility between the different software and hardware configuration. Answered by: Suresh from Mumbai Computer network can use the alternative source for the data communication in case of any hardware failure. . . Therefore, it is easy to take the back up from the main server. A computer network is a group of computers that use a set of common communication protocols over digital interconnections for the purpose of sharing resources located on or provided by the network nodes.The interconnections between nodes are formed from a broad spectrum of telecommunication network technologies, based on physically wired, optical, and wireless radio-frequency methods that … But Computer Network main function is to provide a medium for connecting and linking to various computing devices for easy data communication. . For example, we can do video conferencing, email messaging, etc. . By Chaitanya Singh | Filed Under: Computer Network. This section contains information about new features for familiar networking technologies. In this guide, we will discuss the features of a computer network. . Uses of Computer Networks. For example, we can do video conferencing, email messaging, etc. . Distributed systems only function if the interconnect is reliable. All rights reserved. Information : Proper collection of the data is called information.Characteristics of Computer 1. Main benefits of networks include: File sharing - you can easily share data between different users, or access it remotely if you keep it on other connected devices. Computer networking involves a process that is operated using computers, so people will be relying more of computer work, instead of exerting an effort for their tasks at hand. Scalability means that we can add the new components on the network. The WANs are also referred to as long-haul networks. Computer networks components comprise both physical parts as well as the software required for installing computer networks, both at organizations and at home. Security: A computer network should be secure so that the data transmitting over a network should be safe from unauthorised access. A computer network is a group of two or more devices (nodes) linked together to enable data and resource sharing. Types of IP addresses. Also, the sent data should be received as it is at the receiving node, which means there should not be any loss of data during transmission. A computer network has following features: Performance: Performance of a computer network is measured in terms of response time. JavaTpoint offers college campus training on Core Java, Advance Java, .Net, Android, Hadoop, PHP, Web Technology and Python. The primary purpose of computer networking is to facilitate communication. . There are also formatting rules that specify how data is packaged into sent and received messages. The establishment of standardized network protocols enables the exchange to take place between personal computers and the server software. So, we do not need to install the software on every machine. New Features for Additional Networking Technologies. Let's start exploring the uses of Computer Networks with some traditional usecases at companies and for individuals and then move on to the recent developments in the area of mobile users and home networking. It results in better performance with high speed of processing. Computer networks have become invaluable to organizations as well as individuals. A computer network has following features: Performance: Performance of a computer network is measured in terms of response time. Please mail your requirement at hr@javatpoint.com. . In turn, you must have a series of parameters that allow the administrator to adjust them to obtain an opti… Programs and software in any computer can be accessed by other computers linked to the network. A LAN typically relies mostly on wired connections for increased speed and security, but wireless connections … Computer networks rely upon a high-quality installation process. Data : Data is a raw material of information. Internet is the best example of Computer network that helps you to exchange data between two or more Computers over a network. Govt. Router operates on the network layer of OSI model using the physical layer, data link layer and network layer to provide connectivity, addressing and switching. 13.5 Link-State Routing-Update Algorithm. Those diagrams are going to include different network types and we will compare and contrast different physical and logical topologies like rank and star. • Scope: A network architecture should solve so many general problems as possible. Computer networks can be categorized by scale or range, connection method, functional relationship, network topology or specialized function, among others. The hardware components are the server, client, peer, transmission medium, and connecting devices. Therefore, the computer network is a great way to share our knowledge and ideas. . . Sitemap. Advantages of computer networking. 1. Network Characteristics Networks are broadly classified into two types: local area networks (LANs) and wide area networks (WANs). WAN or Wide Area Network is a computer network that extends over a large geographical area, although it might be confined within the bounds of a state or country. 1) Static … A networked computer environment occurs when multiple computers are connected to each other or a central server. Scalability: A computer network should be scalable which means it should always allow to add new computers (or nodes) to the already existing computer network. . Computer networks create more opportunities for information security. Aside from this, they will be dependent on the main file server, which means that, if it breaks down, the system would become useless, making users idle. Therefore, the computer network is a great way to share our knowledge and ideas. . The IP addresses can be classified into two. . Network provides us to communicate over the network in a fast and efficient manner. Computer network provides us to share the files with each other. . Users can share a network system software and application software. Popular WLAN technologies follow one of the three main Wi-Fi communication standards. They are listed below. Computer networks share common devices, functions, and features including servers, clients, transmission media, shared data, shared printers and other hardware and software resources, networkinterface card (NIC), local operating system (LOS), and the network operating system (NOS). Two computers can be wired to each other using an Ethernet crossover cable. The smallest LAN may only use two computers, while larger LANs can accommodate thousands of computers. JavaTpoint offers too many high quality services. . The key characteristics that are often used to differentiate between these two types of networks are as follows: 1. Duration: 1 week to 2 week. File sharing is one of the major advantage of the computer network. . . ACCURACY : Since Computer is programmed, so what ever input we give it gives result with accuratly. Fig 1 gives an example of a network in a school comprising of a local area network or LAN connecting computers with each other, the internet, and various servers. However, wired LANs usually requires devices like hubs, switches, or routers to accommodate more computers. The term network services is used to describe a wide range of software and connectivity tools that are managed by a central group and distributed to the networked computers. Similarly, hardware can also be shared. Backup and Role back is Easy: Since files and software are on central location therefore it is easy to … . 1. . Buildings with multiple wireless networks can often cause interference, which disrupts user access to the information that they may require. A network protocol includes all the rules and conventions for communication between network devices, including ways devices can identify and make connections with each other. Resiliency. Computer network is a group of two or more computers that connect with each other to share a resource. . © Copyright 2011-2018 www.javatpoint.com. 1. The response time of sending and receiving data from one node (computer in a computer network are often referred as node) to another should be minimal. • Self-configuration and Optimization: A network should have a minimal intervention of the administrator. It allows remote users to connect with one other via videoconferencing, virtual meetings and digital emails. Certified Network Support Professional. 1.1. Routers are used to connect both similar and dissimilar LANs. You can share printers, fax machines, scanners, network connection, local drives, copiers and other resources. A list Of Computer network features is given below. Basic of Networking A computer network consists of a collection of computers, printers and other equipment that is connected together so that they can communicate with each other. Besides physically connecting computer and communication devices, a network system serves the important function of establishing a cohesive architecture that allows a variety of equipment types to transfer information in a near-seamless fashion. A network allows a user to instantly connect with another user, or network, and send and receive data. . LANs can be built with relatively inexpensive hardware, such as hubs, network adapters and Ethernet cables. The response time of sending and receiving data from one node (computer in a computer network are often referred as node) to another should be minimal. Computer is an electronic device which is used to store the data, as per given instructions it gives results quickly and accurately. 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Should be fast and Ethernet cables organizations and at home adding new devices features of computer network at....

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