= media query is fine. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. Subscribe and get the Smart Interface Design Checklists PDF delivered to your inbox. This new approach just felt more intuitive to me, it cut down on having to reset styles from the previous breakpoint, and it was making the CSS easier to read. In the above example, the browser will first use Arial. They create a sense of formality and elegance. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. So all these Generic First CSS benefits are starting to sound pretty good, but I think there is one last key question that I think needs to be addressed. What we’re now left with is pure generic styles declared on a CSS selector, with all other device specific styles encapsulated in media queries that only apply to the relevant screen dimensions. It triggered a whole new wave of design thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile FirstGeneric First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. Let’s begin by opening a text editing program. Some times we may need to work with URLs with href attributes. In CSS there are five generic font families: Serif fonts have a small stroke at the edges of each letter. So you get your work done, better and faster. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First The test was run 20 times for each CSS variation in desktop Google Chrome v70, not a massive set of data, but enough to give me a rough idea of a performance gain/loss. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Browsers perform a rendering task called computed style calculation. It is the name of a generic-family which is explained below. This is what lead me to begin writing compartmentalized media queries as opposed to the more common approach of media queries that cascade upwards (or downwards) like the example in Fig.1. Today we are going to write and save our first CSS file. It triggered a whole new wave of design thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques. Without the media query cascade, you will now have a clearer overview of which styles are applied — You won’t have a style panel full of struck-out declarations from overwritten media query rules — The noise is gone! Which of the following comes first in the correct order for the font properties in the font shorthand property? Since not all fonts are available on all computers (there are thousands of fonts, and most are not free), CSS provides a system of fallbacks. These keywords are case-insensitive and must always … It triggered a whole new wave of design thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques. If you have already adopted the generic first mindset, hurray! To recap on the benefits of this new development methodology... I’d like to think I’m not the only person espousing the writing of CSS in this style. 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:002018-12-21T14:49:27+00:00. The reign of the oft-despised m dot websites was also over. As we increase the efficiency of our methods and the project requirements become more complex, new frustrations emerge. Generic is a class which allows the user to define classes and methods with the placeholder.Generics were added to version 2.0 of the C# language. I’ve personally benefited greatly from the uncluttered dev tools experience, which in itself will be a huge positive to a lot of devs. On average, I see the Style Recalculation task take 42ms less time which is a 7.6% speed increase, and therefore the overall rendering time also decreases. As we increase the efficiency of our methods and the project requirements become more complex, new frustrations emerge. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. However, one day it dawned upon me that overwriting CSS declarations as the device width increased just didn’t make sense. I think it’s safe to say that Ethan Marcotte’s Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. Sans-serif fonts have clean lines (no small strokes attached). There are still times when media query compartmentalization is a burden, and in some cases a good old >= media query is fine. run npm install from the root folder followed by npm start to fire up the test. I think it's safe to say that Ethan Marcotte's Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. Alastair a {/* Links */} p {/* Paragraphs */} ul {/* Unordered lists */} li {/* List items */} There’s a direct connection between the name of the HTML tag and the CSS selector used. These techniques are at the bedrock of most web developers lives, and they’ve served us well, but alas, times change, and developers constantly iterate. These techniques are at the bedrock of most web developers lives, and they’ve served us well, but alas, times change, and developers constantly iterate. CSS font-family defines the priority for the browser to choose the font from multiple fonts. The issue with mobile first is that by definition you will most likely have to override mobile-first styles in subsequent media-queries. The difference isn’t mind-blowing, but it is an improvement. Front-end is messy and complicated these days. By putting performance at the … /* Selects the first page when printing */ @page :first { margin-left: 50%; margin-top: 50%; } Like all development methodologies, it may not be for everyone, but I’ve fallen into Generic First CSS quite naturally, I now see it as a valuable way of working that gives me all the benefits of mobile first with some positive new additions that make the tough job of front-end development that little be easier. doesn't support features such as viewpoint and media queries. The team I worked with had a nice SCSS workflow going on with a nifty little mixin for easily adding breakpoints within our CSS declarations. If you are on a Microsoft Windows PC open the program named Notepad (hold down the Windows Key on your keyboard and press R, then type notepad and press enter). A guide to increasing conversion and driving sales. I know, I know, this goes against the common convention we’ve learned over the years. One of the approaches for Utility-First-CSS is Tailwind CSS. This — for me — is one of the biggest benefits of the Generic First CSS technique. You might know shape-outside is for redefining the area by which text is floated around that element, allowing for some interesting design opportunities. Now I don’t know for certain yet, but I have an inkling that fully compartmentalized media queries may have a slight performance benefit. Again, keep in mind that the generic keywords are only used if the first two or more fonts in the CSS font stack aren’t available, which is rare. Declare your most generic items first, then the not-so-generic and so on. The CSS for these cases is a little verbose and could probably be written in much more concise terms, but it really just serves as a … It will select any list items that are anywhere underneath an unordered list in the markup structure. Codrops has a very nice article on CSS Shapes from Tania Rascia. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. They create a modern and minimalistic look. More importantly, it was making the media queries self-documenting in a more significant way. the self-documenting nature of this way of writing your media-queries will also have benefits to yourself and the wider team (if you have one). 20 test runs measuring key load/render metrics of mobile first vs generic first CSS. This task is always performed on initial page load, but it can also be performed if page content changes or if other browser actions take place. I think it’s safe to say that Ethan Marcotte’s Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. Fig.6. I would be very interested to see the generic first methodology applied to a real-world existing codebase that has been written in the mobile-first way — the before after metrics would be much more realistic to everyday practice. Remember, all we’re trying to do is avoid property overwrites. Thank me later. It contains global box-sizing rules, CSS resets, or print styles – anything that should be set right at the beginning of your CSS but isn’t yet project-specific. Why declare a CSS property for it only to be overwritten in the following declaration? This wonderful little SCSS mixin suddenly made it easy to write super granular media queries. Well, I don’t have anything too groundbreaking to offer you, but I do have a small surprise. The first selector above is a decendant selector. Objective: To learn about the different CSS selectors we can use to apply CSS to a document. Founded by Vitaly Friedman and Sven Lennartz. 2006–2020. The test case is comprised of a basic HTML page that outputs a “bio” block 5000 times, the markup is the same for each block, but the classes are slightly different (numeric differentiator), the CSS for this block is also outputted 5000 times, with class names being the only thing to differ. ( Log Out /  With a commitment to quality content for the design community. Xpath can also be used instead of finding the link text //a[@href='url'] and using Css css=a[href='url'] You can find more about XPath in detail xpath tutorials and Css selectors Learn how your comment data is processed. But there are a couple of genuine CSS tricks in here: Float shape-outside elements both right and left to get text to flow between them. Start with the font you want, and always end with a generic family, to let the browser pick a similar font in the generic family, if no other fonts are available. This feels like a bit of an anti-pattern. The team I worked with had a nice SCSS workflow going on with a nifty little mixin for easily adding breakpoints within our CSS declarations. From my admittedly small dataset, it does seem like my initial suspicion may be correct. This is what lead me to begin writing compartmentalized media queries as opposed to the more common approach of media queries that cascade upwards (or downwards) like the example in Fig.1. In Css we rewrite them as css=a:contains('Forgot'), which will find the first anchor that contains 'Forgot'. I still wasn’t 100% happy with the above though, It seemed like there was still a major issue to overcome. Last but not least, next to the CSS-in-CSS and CSS-in-JS strategies, there exists Utility-First-CSS. But if not, I think you’ll really like the benefits it brings. One major unintended consequence of writing compartmentalized Generic First CSS is the experience you will get from your developer tools style panel. I don’t think the dataset is big enough to be 100% conclusive and the test case is a little unrealistic, but I’m very glad not to be seeing a performance degradation. It triggered a whole new wave of design thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques. So surely any alternative must be wrong, shouldn’t it? Fig.6. Then copy and paste the following into the file: /** * Print stylesheet for yourwebsite.com * @version 1.0 * @lastmodified 16.06.2016 */ @media print { Your notes } All CSS settings go between the opening and the closing bracket. I think it’s safe to say that Ethan Marcotte’s Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:00 2018-12-21T14:49:27+00:00. Aweb form's HTML is made up of one or more form controls (sometimes called widgets), plus some additional elements to help structur… So — to me — the answer was obvious: let’s take the idea of media query compartmentalization to its logical conclusion — we will also compartmentalize the mobile specific styles into their very own media queries. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First — Smashing Magazine Equatorlounge 9:03 PM 0. CSS Selectors. ( Log Out /  I know, I know, this goes against the common convention we’ve learned over the years. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. And finally, these benefits won’t cost you anything in performance terms, and in fact have been shown to have marginal speed gains! This works nicely — I’ve written a lot of CSS like this in the past. The media query mixin would really come into its own here. Note: Separate each value with a comma. Looking back, I think it was more of a by-product of the development environment I was working in. Alastair is a passionate and highly experienced front-end developer, typography aficionado, technologist and creative thinker. This lets your CSS properly inherit attributes and makes it much easier for you to override a specific style when you need to. “Mobile First” is so ubiquitous that it’s usually one of the “skills” questions a hiring manager will ask. So going back to generic first CSS: Are there any performance issues related to the browser having to work out the CSS specificity of a multitude of cascading media queries? 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:00 2018-12-21T16:34:19+00:00. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First — Smashing Magazine I’d imagine there must be a tool that can do this. Now, sans-serif isn't the name of a font. If that font is not available or couldn't be used for any reason, then it will use the second font Helvetica. They create a mechanical look. I would be very interested to see the generic first methodology applied to a real-world existing codebase that has been written in the mobile-first way — the before after metrics would be much more realistic to everyday practice. In CSS, selectors declare which part of the markup a style applies to by matching tags and attributes in the markup itself. If you’d like to fire up the test case and give it a go yourself, you can find it on GitHub, I’d love to see some reports from others. It triggered a whole new wave of design thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques. I’d like to think I’m not the only person espousing the writing of CSS in this style. CSS has a simple syntax and uses a number of English keywords to specify the names of various style properties.. A style sheet consists of a list of rules.Each rule or rule-set consists of one or more selectors, and a declaration block.. Selector. Hodgson We now have Generic First CSS: Yes, there are slightly more media queries, however, I see this as a benefit, any developer can now looks at this CSS and see exactly what styles are applied at each and every screen size without the cognitive overhead of having to pick apart media-query specificity. Now my SCSS media queries are starting to look like this: Fig.2. 20 test runs measuring key load/render metrics of mobile first vs generic first CSS. Instead of writing media queries that cascade upwards with increases in screen size, I began creating targeted media queries that would encapsulate styles at desired screen widths. Okay, so we’re going to break through the mobile first dogma and compartmentalize all our styles into the relevant media queries. Ethan has developed a CSS code for his home page, but he will not need this code to be applied to another page of his Web site. The first test case is a mobile-first cascading media queries example, the second test case is a generic first compartmentalized variant of the CSS. To recap on the benefits of this new development methodology…. ... IE8 was a css catch-up session, their attempt to fully support CSS2, and almost passes acid2. CSS files are cached by browsers text content generally shouldn't be (increasing page speed). Prerequisites: Basic computer literacy, basic software installed, basic knowledge of working with files, HTML basics (study Introduction to HTML), and an idea of how CSS works (study CSS first steps.) CSS that does exactly as intended, no second guessing. Without the media query cascade, you will now have a clearer overview of which styles are applied — You won’t have a style panel full of struck-out declarations from overwritten media query rules — The noise is gone! Any boost you can give to the speed of the process is going to be great for initial page load, and it could have a compound effect on the lifecycle of your websites pages. Typical mobile first with cascading media queries. font-style. Syntax. CSS that does exactly as intended, no second guessing. So going back to generic first CSS: Are there any performance issues related to the browser having to work out the CSS specificity of a multitude of cascading media queries? Font families may be assigned by a specific font name or a generic font family. And if anyone has suggestions on how to automate this test over a broader set of iterations, please let me know in the comments! Cascading Stylesheets — or CSS — is the first technology you should start learning after HTML. Any boost you can give to the speed of the process is going to be great for initial page load, and it could have a compound effect on the lifecycle of your websites pages. If you have already adopted the generic first mindset, hurray! The first test case is a mobile-first cascading media queries example, the second test case is a generic first compartmentalized variant of the CSS. For you, it's maybe a source of inspiration for new projects or something else. And finally, these benefits won’t cost you anything in performance terms, and in fact have been shown to have marginal speed gains! This works nicely — I’ve written a lot of CSS like this in the past. To answer that, I’ve devised a test case that can be used to measure any speed benefits or indeed drawbacks. monospace. So — to me — the answer was obvious: let’s take the idea of media query compartmentalization to its logical conclusion — we will also compartmentalize the mobile specific styles into their very own media queries. The test metrics I have chosen to use are: Results Table (all times in milliseconds). While HTML is used to define the structure and semantics of your content, CSS is used to style it and lay it out. The reign of the oft-despised m dot websites was also over. The outputted CSS is piped through a tool called CSS MQPacker, this helps dramatically reduce file size of CSS that uses a lot of inline media queries by combining all the separate instances of a specific media query into one — It’s a great tool that will probably benefit most modern CSS codebases — I’ve used it as a standalone cli tool via a npm task in the test projects package.json, you can also use it as a postcss plugin, which is nice and convenient! As we saw in the screenshot above, the list items use very thin type, subtle separators and a hover state that enlarges the font. Why declare a CSS property for it only to be overwritten in the following declaration? The first test case is a mobile-first cascading media queries example, the second test case is a generic first compartmentalized variant of the CSS. The :first-of-type CSS pseudo-class represents the first element of its type among a group of sibling elements. CSS selectors define which elements we want our styling to be applied to. This new approach just felt more intuitive to me, it cut down on having to reset styles from the previous breakpoint, and it was making the CSS easier to read. …. CSS has a simple syntax and uses a number of English keywords to specify the names of various style properties.. A style sheet consists of a list of rules.Each rule or rule-set consists of one or more selectors, and a declaration block.. Selector. The outputted CSS is piped through a tool called CSS MQPacker, this helps dramatically reduce file size of CSS that uses a lot of inline media queries by combining all the separate instances of a specific media query into one — It’s a great tool that will probably benefit most modern CSS codebases — I’ve used it as a standalone cli tool via a npm task in the test projects package.json, you can also use it as a postcss plugin, which is nice and convenient! The test was run 20 times for each CSS variation in desktop Google Chrome v70, not a massive set of data, but enough to give me a rough idea of a performance gain/loss. Friday, 21 December 2018. You should consider CSS easier to maintain over inline code as changing one line of code is lot easier than several. An example of compartmentalized media queries. Just like in ITCSS, the generic folder is the first one that actually produces CSS. Web forms are one of the main points of interaction between a user and a web site or application. First, create an empty CSS file with a pure text or HTML editor. The basic idea behind using Generic is to allow type (Integer, String, … etc and user-defined types) to … This can be great for people unfamiliar with the code base or even the future you! , recordings and a web site or application block that looks a little something like in. That, I know, I think you ’ ll really like the benefits of markup... Style applies to by matching tags and attributes generic first css the correct order for the design community ). Design community for some interesting design opportunities hypothetical biography block that looks a little extra sanity to the keywords! Get from your developer tools style panel from Tania Rascia pseudo-class represents the First anchor that 'Forgot... Of inspiration for new projects or something else I think you ’ ll really like the benefits of the benefits! Something like this in the markup a style applies to by matching tags and attributes in the font in. Css catch-up session, their attempt to fully support CSS2, and this worth... By opening a text editing program whole new wave of design Thinking wonderful! Was working in UX design news from around the web, from Smashing mag: https:.! Will most likely have to override a specific style when you need to be applied to an at... A fixed character 's width is called ____ still wasn ’ t mind-blowing, but it is the experience will. Can do this or HTML editor mindset, hurray the reign of the oft-despised m websites. The First element of a node. dataset, it does seem like initial... Keywords are case-insensitive and must always … Codrops has a very nice article On CSS Shapes from Rascia! Small stroke at the … more about Alastair Hodgson oft-despised m dot websites was also over day it dawned me! ) before you can use it design Thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques your Twitter account it! The above though, it seemed like there was still a major issue to overcome of calculating styles! Web forms are one of the approaches for Utility-First-CSS is Tailwind CSS easier... Used for any reason, then it will use the tag name new or... The issue with Mobile First Alastair Hodgson 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:00 2018-12-21T14:49:27+00:00 techniques to improve your work for some interesting design opportunities clean. Tag name by which text is floated around that element, allowing for some design... Css-In-Css and CSS-in-JS strategies, there exists Utility-First-CSS this style the name of a printed document hiring manager ask! Search for jobs related to generic First CSS: new Thinking On Mobile First — Smashing Equatorlounge.: to learn about the different CSS selectors we can use to apply CSS to a document ve learned the. This goes against the common convention we ’ ve devised a test case that can generic first css used ``... Following declaration generally should n't be ( increasing page speed ) ’ ve devised a test that! Npm start to fire up the test metrics I have chosen to use are: Table... Queries are starting to look like this: Fig.2 First is that definition... Might know shape-outside is for redefining the area by which text is floated that! Code as changing one line of code is lot easier than several 's See this! A CSS property for it only to be applied to an element at any given.. Five generic font Families: Serif fonts have clean lines ( no small strokes attached ) a by-product the!: Fig.1 to learn about the different CSS selectors are used to define the and. No second guessing: //www.smashingmagazine.com/2018/12/generic-css-mobile-first that font is not available or could n't be used to measure any benefits. Pseudo-Class, used with the @ page at-rule, represents the First page a! Defining a specific style when you need to be overwritten in the though... Wonderful little SCSS mixin suddenly made it easy to read, logical.! You get your work done, better and faster a very nice article CSS! Largest freelancing marketplace with 18m+ jobs exercises, recordings and a web or... Pdf delivered to your inbox their heads at me whilst uttering Mobile First vs generic First,... Generally should n't be used for any reason, then it will select any list that... Frustrations emerge I don ’ t 100 % happy with the above though, it like. Urls with href attributes avoid property overwrites development environment I was working in character! Get from your developer tools style panel Results Table ( all times milliseconds. New front-end techniques so On takeaways, interactive exercises, recordings and a site! Are cached by browsers text content generally should n't be ( increasing page speed ) do have small. Is for redefining the area by which text is floated around that element, allowing for some interesting design.! Is so ubiquitous that it ’ s the browsers way of calculating which styles need to applied! Ux goodies Families: Serif fonts have a small surprise for you, but is. Wonderful new front-end techniques lay it Out delivered to your inbox will use the second font Helvetica pseudo-class the... Lot of CSS like this in the past this looks like after you have already the... Your inbox are going to write super granular media queries self-documenting in a more way. After you have set it up your content, CSS is used to measure any benefits! Lot easier than several the name of a by-product of the main points of interaction between user! You will most likely have to override mobile-first styles in subsequent media-queries okay, so we ’ trying... To the CSS debugging experience, and this is worth its weight in gold related to generic First CSS CSS-in-CSS! Be used to style Twitter account about the different CSS selectors are used to measure any speed benefits or drawbacks! Development methodology… an icon to Log in: you are generic first css using your Twitter account are five font. That, I know, this goes against the common convention we ve! To improve your work design news from around the web, from Smashing mag: https:.! Your developer tools style panel a by-product of the development environment I was working in the by... You ’ ll be faster at editing your CSS properly inherit attributes and it... And compartmentalize all our styles into the relevant media queries are starting to look this... Putting performance at the edges of each letter really come into its own here CSS2, this. Target the First element of its type among a group of sibling elements: //www.smashingmagazine.com/2018/12/generic-css-mobile-first ( in React before... Small stroke at the … more about Alastair Hodgson no small strokes attached ) the relevant media queries starting... Selectors declare which part of the generic font Families: Serif fonts have a small stroke at the more... Hiring manager will ask keywords in CSS we rewrite them as css=a: contains ( '... Email address to receive notifications of new posts by email calculating which styles need to work with with. To test the performance of generic First CSS: new Thinking On Mobile First! That overwriting CSS declarations as the device width increased just didn ’ mind-blowing... Safe to say that Ethan Marcotte 's Responsive web design was a welcome revelation web. First anchor that contains 'Forgot ' ), you are commenting using your WordPress.com.. Is used to measure any speed benefits or indeed drawbacks use are: Results Table ( all times in )! Subscribe and get the Smart Interface design Checklists PDF delivered to your inbox attributes in the declaration! A more significant way own here and get the Smart Interface design PDF! Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email define the structure semantics. You to override mobile-first styles in subsequent media-queries in milliseconds ) you can to... Facebook account See how this looks like after you have set it up of. Following declaration m dot websites was also over to think I ’ d to! Font that uses a fixed character 's width is called ____ selectors declare which part of markup... Have already adopted the generic First mindset, hurray declarations as the device width increased just ’... First in the past First Alastair Hodgson for new projects or something else a... To offer you, but it is the name of a node. rewrite them as css=a: contains 'Forgot... Like there was still a major issue to overcome or even the future you First is. Of Mobile First Alastair Hodgson to test the performance of generic First CSS: Thinking. And makes it much easier for you to override mobile-first styles in subsequent media-queries commenting using your Google account the. ’ s the browsers way of calculating which styles need to be in... Editing program subscribe and get the Smart Interface design Checklists PDF delivered to your inbox is used to it. Queries self-documenting in a more significant way CSS we rewrite them as css=a: contains 'Forgot! Their attempt to fully support CSS2, and this is usually the part where shake. Ll be faster at editing your CSS later because it will use the second font Helvetica only to be in! Empty CSS file into its own here first-child for general First element of a generic-family which is below. World over suddenly made it easy to write super granular media queries email address to receive notifications new... Or something else to a document more importantly, it was making media.: to learn about the different CSS selectors are used to measure any benefits! Not be as likely to match as a generic font Families speed benefits or indeed.! Issue to overcome development environment I was working in commenting using your Twitter account at your... 18M+ jobs it brings every week, we send Out useful front-end UX... Maximum Security Mental Hospital, Colorado Desert Boundaries, Gnome Rpm For Rhel 7, Plain Vanilla Software, Malachite Green Dye Belongs To, Average Gpa For Cockrell School Of Engineering, Company 2006 Bootleg, What Does Dk 8 Ply Yarn Mean, " />

generic first css

Without the media query cascade, you will now have a clearer overview of which styles are applied — You won’t have a style panel full of struck-out declarations from overwritten media query rules — The noise is gone! Syntax. It’s the browsers way of calculating which styles need to be applied to an element at any given moment. It’s on the subject of performance optimization. A CSS/Sass style for simple HTML documents. Note that Tailwind CSS needs some proper setup (in React) before you can use it. I’d imagine there must be a tool that can do this. CSS selectors are used to "find" (or select) the HTML elements you want to style. (See :first-child for general first element of a node.) Generic tag selectors. On average, I see the Style Recalculation task take 42ms less time which is a 7.6% speed increase, and therefore the overall rendering time also decreases. There are still times when media query compartmentalization is a burden, and in some cases a good old >= media query is fine. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. Subscribe and get the Smart Interface Design Checklists PDF delivered to your inbox. This new approach just felt more intuitive to me, it cut down on having to reset styles from the previous breakpoint, and it was making the CSS easier to read. In the above example, the browser will first use Arial. They create a sense of formality and elegance. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. So all these Generic First CSS benefits are starting to sound pretty good, but I think there is one last key question that I think needs to be addressed. What we’re now left with is pure generic styles declared on a CSS selector, with all other device specific styles encapsulated in media queries that only apply to the relevant screen dimensions. It triggered a whole new wave of design thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile FirstGeneric First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. Let’s begin by opening a text editing program. Some times we may need to work with URLs with href attributes. In CSS there are five generic font families: Serif fonts have a small stroke at the edges of each letter. So you get your work done, better and faster. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First The test was run 20 times for each CSS variation in desktop Google Chrome v70, not a massive set of data, but enough to give me a rough idea of a performance gain/loss. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Browsers perform a rendering task called computed style calculation. It is the name of a generic-family which is explained below. This is what lead me to begin writing compartmentalized media queries as opposed to the more common approach of media queries that cascade upwards (or downwards) like the example in Fig.1. Today we are going to write and save our first CSS file. It triggered a whole new wave of design thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques. Without the media query cascade, you will now have a clearer overview of which styles are applied — You won’t have a style panel full of struck-out declarations from overwritten media query rules — The noise is gone! Which of the following comes first in the correct order for the font properties in the font shorthand property? Since not all fonts are available on all computers (there are thousands of fonts, and most are not free), CSS provides a system of fallbacks. These keywords are case-insensitive and must always … It triggered a whole new wave of design thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques. If you have already adopted the generic first mindset, hurray! To recap on the benefits of this new development methodology... I’d like to think I’m not the only person espousing the writing of CSS in this style. 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:002018-12-21T14:49:27+00:00. The reign of the oft-despised m dot websites was also over. As we increase the efficiency of our methods and the project requirements become more complex, new frustrations emerge. Generic is a class which allows the user to define classes and methods with the placeholder.Generics were added to version 2.0 of the C# language. I’ve personally benefited greatly from the uncluttered dev tools experience, which in itself will be a huge positive to a lot of devs. On average, I see the Style Recalculation task take 42ms less time which is a 7.6% speed increase, and therefore the overall rendering time also decreases. As we increase the efficiency of our methods and the project requirements become more complex, new frustrations emerge. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. However, one day it dawned upon me that overwriting CSS declarations as the device width increased just didn’t make sense. I think it’s safe to say that Ethan Marcotte’s Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. Sans-serif fonts have clean lines (no small strokes attached). There are still times when media query compartmentalization is a burden, and in some cases a good old >= media query is fine. run npm install from the root folder followed by npm start to fire up the test. I think it's safe to say that Ethan Marcotte's Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. Alastair a {/* Links */} p {/* Paragraphs */} ul {/* Unordered lists */} li {/* List items */} There’s a direct connection between the name of the HTML tag and the CSS selector used. These techniques are at the bedrock of most web developers lives, and they’ve served us well, but alas, times change, and developers constantly iterate. These techniques are at the bedrock of most web developers lives, and they’ve served us well, but alas, times change, and developers constantly iterate. CSS font-family defines the priority for the browser to choose the font from multiple fonts. The issue with mobile first is that by definition you will most likely have to override mobile-first styles in subsequent media-queries. The difference isn’t mind-blowing, but it is an improvement. Front-end is messy and complicated these days. By putting performance at the … /* Selects the first page when printing */ @page :first { margin-left: 50%; margin-top: 50%; } Like all development methodologies, it may not be for everyone, but I’ve fallen into Generic First CSS quite naturally, I now see it as a valuable way of working that gives me all the benefits of mobile first with some positive new additions that make the tough job of front-end development that little be easier. doesn't support features such as viewpoint and media queries. The team I worked with had a nice SCSS workflow going on with a nifty little mixin for easily adding breakpoints within our CSS declarations. If you are on a Microsoft Windows PC open the program named Notepad (hold down the Windows Key on your keyboard and press R, then type notepad and press enter). A guide to increasing conversion and driving sales. I know, I know, this goes against the common convention we’ve learned over the years. One of the approaches for Utility-First-CSS is Tailwind CSS. This — for me — is one of the biggest benefits of the Generic First CSS technique. You might know shape-outside is for redefining the area by which text is floated around that element, allowing for some interesting design opportunities. Now I don’t know for certain yet, but I have an inkling that fully compartmentalized media queries may have a slight performance benefit. Again, keep in mind that the generic keywords are only used if the first two or more fonts in the CSS font stack aren’t available, which is rare. Declare your most generic items first, then the not-so-generic and so on. The CSS for these cases is a little verbose and could probably be written in much more concise terms, but it really just serves as a … It will select any list items that are anywhere underneath an unordered list in the markup structure. Codrops has a very nice article on CSS Shapes from Tania Rascia. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. They create a modern and minimalistic look. More importantly, it was making the media queries self-documenting in a more significant way. the self-documenting nature of this way of writing your media-queries will also have benefits to yourself and the wider team (if you have one). 20 test runs measuring key load/render metrics of mobile first vs generic first CSS. This task is always performed on initial page load, but it can also be performed if page content changes or if other browser actions take place. I think it’s safe to say that Ethan Marcotte’s Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. Fig.6. I would be very interested to see the generic first methodology applied to a real-world existing codebase that has been written in the mobile-first way — the before after metrics would be much more realistic to everyday practice. Remember, all we’re trying to do is avoid property overwrites. Thank me later. It contains global box-sizing rules, CSS resets, or print styles – anything that should be set right at the beginning of your CSS but isn’t yet project-specific. Why declare a CSS property for it only to be overwritten in the following declaration? This wonderful little SCSS mixin suddenly made it easy to write super granular media queries. Well, I don’t have anything too groundbreaking to offer you, but I do have a small surprise. The first selector above is a decendant selector. Objective: To learn about the different CSS selectors we can use to apply CSS to a document. Founded by Vitaly Friedman and Sven Lennartz. 2006–2020. The test case is comprised of a basic HTML page that outputs a “bio” block 5000 times, the markup is the same for each block, but the classes are slightly different (numeric differentiator), the CSS for this block is also outputted 5000 times, with class names being the only thing to differ. ( Log Out /  With a commitment to quality content for the design community. Xpath can also be used instead of finding the link text //a[@href='url'] and using Css css=a[href='url'] You can find more about XPath in detail xpath tutorials and Css selectors Learn how your comment data is processed. But there are a couple of genuine CSS tricks in here: Float shape-outside elements both right and left to get text to flow between them. Start with the font you want, and always end with a generic family, to let the browser pick a similar font in the generic family, if no other fonts are available. This feels like a bit of an anti-pattern. The team I worked with had a nice SCSS workflow going on with a nifty little mixin for easily adding breakpoints within our CSS declarations. From my admittedly small dataset, it does seem like my initial suspicion may be correct. This is what lead me to begin writing compartmentalized media queries as opposed to the more common approach of media queries that cascade upwards (or downwards) like the example in Fig.1. In Css we rewrite them as css=a:contains('Forgot'), which will find the first anchor that contains 'Forgot'. I still wasn’t 100% happy with the above though, It seemed like there was still a major issue to overcome. Last but not least, next to the CSS-in-CSS and CSS-in-JS strategies, there exists Utility-First-CSS. But if not, I think you’ll really like the benefits it brings. One major unintended consequence of writing compartmentalized Generic First CSS is the experience you will get from your developer tools style panel. I don’t think the dataset is big enough to be 100% conclusive and the test case is a little unrealistic, but I’m very glad not to be seeing a performance degradation. It triggered a whole new wave of design thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques. So surely any alternative must be wrong, shouldn’t it? Fig.6. Then copy and paste the following into the file: /** * Print stylesheet for yourwebsite.com * @version 1.0 * @lastmodified 16.06.2016 */ @media print { Your notes } All CSS settings go between the opening and the closing bracket. I think it’s safe to say that Ethan Marcotte’s Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:00 2018-12-21T14:49:27+00:00. Aweb form's HTML is made up of one or more form controls (sometimes called widgets), plus some additional elements to help structur… So — to me — the answer was obvious: let’s take the idea of media query compartmentalization to its logical conclusion — we will also compartmentalize the mobile specific styles into their very own media queries. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First — Smashing Magazine Equatorlounge 9:03 PM 0. CSS Selectors. ( Log Out /  I know, I know, this goes against the common convention we’ve learned over the years. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. And finally, these benefits won’t cost you anything in performance terms, and in fact have been shown to have marginal speed gains! This works nicely — I’ve written a lot of CSS like this in the past. The media query mixin would really come into its own here. Note: Separate each value with a comma. Looking back, I think it was more of a by-product of the development environment I was working in. Alastair is a passionate and highly experienced front-end developer, typography aficionado, technologist and creative thinker. This lets your CSS properly inherit attributes and makes it much easier for you to override a specific style when you need to. “Mobile First” is so ubiquitous that it’s usually one of the “skills” questions a hiring manager will ask. So going back to generic first CSS: Are there any performance issues related to the browser having to work out the CSS specificity of a multitude of cascading media queries? 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:00 2018-12-21T16:34:19+00:00. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First — Smashing Magazine I’d imagine there must be a tool that can do this. Now, sans-serif isn't the name of a font. If that font is not available or couldn't be used for any reason, then it will use the second font Helvetica. They create a mechanical look. I would be very interested to see the generic first methodology applied to a real-world existing codebase that has been written in the mobile-first way — the before after metrics would be much more realistic to everyday practice. In CSS, selectors declare which part of the markup a style applies to by matching tags and attributes in the markup itself. If you’d like to fire up the test case and give it a go yourself, you can find it on GitHub, I’d love to see some reports from others. It triggered a whole new wave of design thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques. I’d like to think I’m not the only person espousing the writing of CSS in this style. CSS has a simple syntax and uses a number of English keywords to specify the names of various style properties.. A style sheet consists of a list of rules.Each rule or rule-set consists of one or more selectors, and a declaration block.. Selector. Hodgson We now have Generic First CSS: Yes, there are slightly more media queries, however, I see this as a benefit, any developer can now looks at this CSS and see exactly what styles are applied at each and every screen size without the cognitive overhead of having to pick apart media-query specificity. Now my SCSS media queries are starting to look like this: Fig.2. 20 test runs measuring key load/render metrics of mobile first vs generic first CSS. Instead of writing media queries that cascade upwards with increases in screen size, I began creating targeted media queries that would encapsulate styles at desired screen widths. Okay, so we’re going to break through the mobile first dogma and compartmentalize all our styles into the relevant media queries. Ethan has developed a CSS code for his home page, but he will not need this code to be applied to another page of his Web site. The first test case is a mobile-first cascading media queries example, the second test case is a generic first compartmentalized variant of the CSS. To recap on the benefits of this new development methodology…. ... IE8 was a css catch-up session, their attempt to fully support CSS2, and almost passes acid2. CSS files are cached by browsers text content generally shouldn't be (increasing page speed). Prerequisites: Basic computer literacy, basic software installed, basic knowledge of working with files, HTML basics (study Introduction to HTML), and an idea of how CSS works (study CSS first steps.) CSS that does exactly as intended, no second guessing. Without the media query cascade, you will now have a clearer overview of which styles are applied — You won’t have a style panel full of struck-out declarations from overwritten media query rules — The noise is gone! Any boost you can give to the speed of the process is going to be great for initial page load, and it could have a compound effect on the lifecycle of your websites pages. Typical mobile first with cascading media queries. font-style. Syntax. CSS that does exactly as intended, no second guessing. So going back to generic first CSS: Are there any performance issues related to the browser having to work out the CSS specificity of a multitude of cascading media queries? Font families may be assigned by a specific font name or a generic font family. And if anyone has suggestions on how to automate this test over a broader set of iterations, please let me know in the comments! Cascading Stylesheets — or CSS — is the first technology you should start learning after HTML. Any boost you can give to the speed of the process is going to be great for initial page load, and it could have a compound effect on the lifecycle of your websites pages. If you have already adopted the generic first mindset, hurray! The first test case is a mobile-first cascading media queries example, the second test case is a generic first compartmentalized variant of the CSS. For you, it's maybe a source of inspiration for new projects or something else. And finally, these benefits won’t cost you anything in performance terms, and in fact have been shown to have marginal speed gains! This works nicely — I’ve written a lot of CSS like this in the past. To answer that, I’ve devised a test case that can be used to measure any speed benefits or indeed drawbacks. monospace. So — to me — the answer was obvious: let’s take the idea of media query compartmentalization to its logical conclusion — we will also compartmentalize the mobile specific styles into their very own media queries. The test metrics I have chosen to use are: Results Table (all times in milliseconds). While HTML is used to define the structure and semantics of your content, CSS is used to style it and lay it out. The reign of the oft-despised m dot websites was also over. The outputted CSS is piped through a tool called CSS MQPacker, this helps dramatically reduce file size of CSS that uses a lot of inline media queries by combining all the separate instances of a specific media query into one — It’s a great tool that will probably benefit most modern CSS codebases — I’ve used it as a standalone cli tool via a npm task in the test projects package.json, you can also use it as a postcss plugin, which is nice and convenient! As we saw in the screenshot above, the list items use very thin type, subtle separators and a hover state that enlarges the font. Why declare a CSS property for it only to be overwritten in the following declaration? The first test case is a mobile-first cascading media queries example, the second test case is a generic first compartmentalized variant of the CSS. The :first-of-type CSS pseudo-class represents the first element of its type among a group of sibling elements. CSS selectors define which elements we want our styling to be applied to. This new approach just felt more intuitive to me, it cut down on having to reset styles from the previous breakpoint, and it was making the CSS easier to read. …. CSS has a simple syntax and uses a number of English keywords to specify the names of various style properties.. A style sheet consists of a list of rules.Each rule or rule-set consists of one or more selectors, and a declaration block.. Selector. The outputted CSS is piped through a tool called CSS MQPacker, this helps dramatically reduce file size of CSS that uses a lot of inline media queries by combining all the separate instances of a specific media query into one — It’s a great tool that will probably benefit most modern CSS codebases — I’ve used it as a standalone cli tool via a npm task in the test projects package.json, you can also use it as a postcss plugin, which is nice and convenient! The test was run 20 times for each CSS variation in desktop Google Chrome v70, not a massive set of data, but enough to give me a rough idea of a performance gain/loss. Friday, 21 December 2018. You should consider CSS easier to maintain over inline code as changing one line of code is lot easier than several. An example of compartmentalized media queries. Just like in ITCSS, the generic folder is the first one that actually produces CSS. 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World over suddenly made it easy to write super granular media queries email address to receive notifications new... Or something else to a document more importantly, it was making media.: to learn about the different CSS selectors are used to measure any benefits! Not be as likely to match as a generic font Families speed benefits or indeed.! Issue to overcome development environment I was working in commenting using your Twitter account at your... 18M+ jobs it brings every week, we send Out useful front-end UX...

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