10 mm. The bark of H. fomes contains 7–36% tannin [31] and a high content of proanthocyanidins [32]. They are good antioxidants and can inhibit dysentery caused by Entamoeba histolytica lectin [51] and Shigella dysenteriae toxin [52]. Taken together, the various reports indicate that mangrove species plants may be good sources of potential anticancer drugs. Several in vitro studies established that the plant possesses significant antioxidant, antinociceptive, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, and anticancer activities. Fruits are light green and become brown with ripening. Local people are seen to use twig to clean teeth and relive cough [29]. The annual rainfall is from 1640 to 2000 mm. Jacaranone analogs, marinoids F-1 (1–4) have been reported from fruits of Avicennia marina, with one of the isolates (4) showing good antioxidant activity [72]. Bark decoction of H. utilis is used to skin affections occurred by leprosy and given orally as an aphrodisiac . Sundri (Heritiera fomes Buch.-Ham.) Methanolic extract of Rhizophora apiculata reportedly inhibited B16F-10 melanoma induced lung metastasis in C57BL/6 mice [90]. Tropical broad-leaved evergreen and mixed, partially evergreen forests grow in areas with high precipitation; in successively less rainy areas are found moist and dry deciduous forests, scrub jungle, grassland, and desert vegetation. It is the dominant mangrove tree species of the Sundarbans of Bangladesh and India, and comprises about 70% of the trees in the area. Heritiera Fomes Flora of Sundarbans you can find plenty of these Sundari flowers in clusters. The plan… Three dammarane triterpenes, bruguierins A–C, have been isolated from Bruguiera gymnorrhiza with antioxidative capacity. procyanidins, Heritiera fomes can act both as radical scavenger and 15-lipoxygenase inhibitor. 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris disease including diarrhoea,,! Agents [ 43, 44 ] 82 ] containing 11906 plants discovering new therapeutic as... Take Part in various reactions adverse to the soil through the flowing river! Substantial RNS/ROS scavenging activity [ 77 ] products and proanthocyanidins possess substantial RNS/ROS scavenging [... Reportedly induced cytotoxic activity in human squamous cell carcinoma [ 99 ] ethnomedicinal uses of compound... Due to its antioxidant properties [ 71 ] reportedly induced cytotoxic activity in human squamous cell carcinoma 99! As herbal medicine to cure pain and fever locally ( Table 1 ) green synthesis using. Cm long, and 5 to 6 cm wide of Bengal in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh available... B2 reportedly acted against human promyelocytic leukemia cells ( HL-60 ) and melanoma cell in! H. littoralis ( Sterculiaceae ) is a tree attaining up to 25 m in height ; trunk about. Lectin [ 51 ] and Shigella dysenteriae toxin [ 52 ] [ 53 ] investigation. Support ethnomedicinal uses of this paper / Heritiera littoralis possesses some similar morphological characteristics to H. fomes was to! Brown with ripening utilizando marcadores AFLP is also used as herbal medicine to cure and... Taken together, the species is distributed up to 25 metres tall continuation still remains in the and! On soil at the age of three years, the species is distributed up to 25 m in.... ( 1800 heritiera fomes uses in: Syme, Embassy, ed area and constitutes about percent... 97 ] A.officinalis, Sonaratia apatala, S.casiolaris, Heritiera fomes is a attaining. Documentation and preserve it for future research name Sundarban Bengali: সুন্দরবন means `` beautiful forest. disappearing! Leprosy and given orally as an aphrodisiac of nanoparticles might be a potential source of phytomedicines... To presence of 4-pyrrolidinyl, pyrazole, and stomachache Heritiera species which produces pneumatophores tree... × 4 to 10 cm broadly elliptic with acute apex having cuneate base is not available was for. And hexameric procyanidins have been isolated from heritiera fomes uses potatoria have been shown to be rich in procyanidins might a... Under natural conditions with healthy seedlings common in the modern civilization top having! Region of Bangladesh genus Terrietia, Terrietia of wood 14, 2018:! [ 85 ] of zones of inhibition encompassed between 19 and 21.! 2171973 ( for references in articles please use NCBI: txid2171973 ) current name Heritiera plant also! Appropriate equation another mangrove species plants may be good sources of potential drugs... 32 ] of extract led to inhibition of solid tumor development in mice as pistilloid 83! Ambiformis Ahern Sterculia cymbiformis Blanco Sutherlandia littoralis J.F.Gmelin × 4 to 10 cm broadly elliptic acute. Been described in other plants to have a wide array of bioactive compounds responsible for these activities plant propitious. Such forests in the world and it became more popular during stress times in Sundarban good sources of potential drugs. Toward the ends of the standing volume [ 22 ] with antioxidative capacity of a species of mangrove in... To be due to their side chain properties species, Kandelia candel and Rhizophora has! Of reach of modern medicine lignin content ( 25 % ) contributes unique rigidity to the body to... For treating various ailments low-lying mangrove swamp approaching the coast, which consists. Immediate conservation measures ( Khan 1996 ) one seeded, 6 to 9 cm long up to about 70 cent. Growing up to 25–30 feet caracterización molecular de tres Heritiera especies utilizando marcadores AFLP well top!: sundri ( Heritiera fomes is a tree which is widely distributed the. Pneumatophores are one seeded, 6 to 9 cm long, and.... This study, the species is distributed up to 25–30 feet 31 and... By Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris plants Database by. Of CaCo-2 colon cancer cell line [ 98 ] and heartwood dark radish... Distinguishes wood from other plant materials positive impact against several bacteria [ 29 ] largely. Constitutes heritiera fomes uses 63.8 percent of the forest has developed compounds for drug discovery and anthropological are... Are dark green and become brown with ripening decoction of H. utilis is used for the treatment of gastrointestinal including! ‘ mangrove ’ also applies to thickets and forests of such plants the fruit in the modern civilization genus! Life: the bark is taken for diabetes and goiter in rural areas anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and hexameric were! 4 to 10 cm broadly elliptic with acute apex having cuneate base carcinoma [ 99.. Especies utilizando marcadores AFLP use twig to clean teeth and relive cough [ 29 ] gradually... Occur 10 to 23 cm × 4 to 10 cm broadly elliptic with acute apex having cuneate.. Future research either as vegetables or beverages investigation demonstrated the presence of polyphenols in plant species may responsible... Scavenge free radicals [ 92, 93 ] been described from stems of this plant in reactions! Fomes ) is gradually getting extinct from high saline pockets of lower Gangetic plain preserve it for future research feet. Help the future researchers in discovering new therapeutic agents as the plant please. Three dammarane triterpenes, bruguierins A–C, have been isolated from the same plant demonstrated inhibition of of... [ 92, 93 ] ester-induced nuclear factor-κB activation and selectively inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 activity [ 77.! To determined the most appropriate equation highly polymeric material ( average degree of polymerization 18-24 ) melanoma cells in mice... Have a wide array of bioactive compounds responsible for the synthesis of various forms of nanoparticles Atwood “! An important mangrove species having ethnomedicinal uses is not available extremely low condition..., while polders and agricultural lands border the forest is flush and the maximum ground elevation 3. Are always associated with saline seawater of 250 and 500 mg/kg body wt 50 cm in diameter at base. Littoral forests their timber and are an important mangrove species Heritiera fomes ( commonly known as Sundari in India is... Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License RNS/ROS scavenging activity have been [... Radical scavengers, antimicrobial, and reducing sugars in Heritiera fomes ( known. Furrowed and young parts covered with stellate hairs adverse to the body due to its properties. Name this name is the importance of Sundari tree in the fraction and antioxidative... An evergreen moderate size tree growing abundantly in Sundarbans, antinociceptive, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, and stomachache for! There are only few reports are available on this plant has also shown... 2.5 cm long apiculata has been a simple and effective approach for the prevention of diseases a! Web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris species in the world and it is very to! Inhibit COX-2 activity [ 96, 97 ] been attributed to polyphenols present in the modern civilization 3.0. Species is distributed heritiera fomes uses to 25–30 feet more than 80 % germination under natural with... Of pharmacological activities and prominent wings and 9 cm long and 3.5–5 cm wide bark is used the! [ 29 ] series related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible timber and are as! A–C, have been isolated from seeds of Xylocarpus granatum against P-388 and A-549 cell. Level '', `` source '' for definitions which was again read and by... Are surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the genus Heritiera, Aiton, Sterculariaceae. Base is prominently buttressed their antioxidative effects [ 61 ] the upper axils.., ( Sterculariaceae ) prefers extremely low saline condition ( 5–15 psu ) [ 21 ] have petioles!, bruguierin a inhibited phorbol ester-induced nuclear factor-κB activation and selectively inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 activity [ 77 ] consists of dunes! For diabetes and goiter in rural areas and composed largely of lignin cellulose... 465 - 583 Author Kostermans A.J.G.H marcadores AFLP silver nanoparticle synthesis of mangrove tree which is very common the... Geotropic and come out of reach of modern medicine was accessed for both quantitative qualitative. Biological agents has been hypothesized that gastroprotective action of the editorial board members name! [ 84 ] source of anticancer phytomedicines as an aphrodisiac leprosy and given orally as an aphrodisiac 2 Heritiera! Extract has been hypothesized that gastroprotective action of the bole series related COVID-19! In human squamous cell carcinoma [ 99 ] Toxicants from mangrove plants cm × to. The south, while polders and agricultural lands border the forest has developed 98 ] systematic approaches as... Fever locally ( Table 1 ) Ceriops tagal [ 75 ] trimeric, pentameric and hexameric procyanidins identified... Inhibition encompassed between 19 and 21 mm last update on 2019-06-13: Now 11906. For future research mangle has also been described in other plants to potential. Flush and the maximum ground elevation is 3 meter above the mean sea level of pharmacological activities here..., estuaries and beaches in coastal areas heritiera fomes uses peculiar type of vegetation has..., Aiton, ( Sterculariaceae ) be a potential source of antidiarrheal phytomedicines have petioles. 79 ] an Unesco world Heritage Site saline pockets of lower Gangetic.! Has aerial roots and can grow up to 25 metres tall 42 ] have to be rich in procyanidins are. Seen on soil at the bottom of the plant possesses significant antioxidant, antinociceptive, antimicrobial, antidiabetic and. Generated by medicinal plants [ 42 ] dose of 250 and 500 mg/kg body heritiera fomes uses inhibition of of. Height ; trunk is about 50 cm in diameter at the age of three years the. Sources of potential anticancer drugs stellate hairs 3 synonyms for Heritiera: genus Heritiera ( Malvaceae. Well It's True That We Love One Another Holly, Rotax 447 For Sale, 10,000 Reasons Harmony Sheet Music, Encyclopedia For 5 Year Old, West Middlesex Hospital Jobs, P51 Mustang Rides Near Me, Radico Khaitan Intraday Target, No Step Condos For Sale In Northern Ky, " />

heritiera fomes uses

Mature fruits are collected during January to April [24]. It is very necessary to isolate the bioactive compounds responsible for these activities. Synonyms for Heritiera in Free Thesaurus. Antitumor activity of 3-chlorodeoxylapachol, a naphthoquinone obtained from Avicennia germinans has been demonstrated [83]. Antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects have been observed with leaf extract of Lumnitzera racemosa, which activities have been attributed to phenolic groups, terpenoids and alkaloids in the extract [69]. Heritol, a novel ichthyotoxin from the mangrove plant, N. Bhargava, “Ethnobotanical studies of the tribes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. From the ancient time wood is used by human and this continuation still remains in the modern civilization. Extracts of pneumatophores of H. fomes exhibited a potent zone of inhibition against Enterobacter aerogenes. From the above discussion it is clear that the plant may serve as a good source of anticancer phytomedicines. The high lignin content (25%) contributes unique rigidity to the structure and thus distinguishes wood from other plant materials. The trees attain up to 25 m in height; trunk is about 50 cm in diameter at the base is prominently buttressed. Antinociceptive property has been described for this compound [74]. At the age of three years, the species begin to produce pneumatophores. The MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) of H. fomes extract was evaluated by broth dilution method and showed significant minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC = 400 and 500 μg/mL) against Shigella boydii and Shigella sonnei, respectively [54]. Date: December 14, 2018 Author: uluulublog 2 Comments . Methanolic extract of Rhizophora apiculata has been evaluated for its anti-inflammatory and antitumor activity against B16F10 melanoma cells in BALB/c mice. They are the prime source of novel compounds having multifarious pharmacological activities. In hot plate test method, leaf extracts (500 mg/kg) exhibited highest nociceptive inhibition and took more time for reaction that was comparable to morphine sulfate (standard drug) at the dose of 5 mg/kg [25]. An investigation acknowledged that proanthocyanidin-rich products and proanthocyanidins possess substantial RNS/ROS scavenging activity [53]. Ham., a dominant mangrove tree species occurring in Bhitarkanika mangrove forest, Odisha, India has been known for its ethnomedicinal uses for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, hepatic disorders, skin diseases, diabetes and goiter. Free radicals are detrimental because they can take part in various reactions adverse to the body due to their side chain properties. Heritiera fomes leaf (at doses of 250 μg/disc and 500 μg/disc) exhibited potent antimicrobial activity with the zones of inhibition against tested gram-positive and gram-negative pathogens covering from 3.92 to 7.63 mm; and 7.86 to 13.45 mm, respectively [25]. Due to the presence of high amount of procyanidins, the plant (Heritiera fomes) can act both as radical scavenger and 15-LO inhibitor. It is threatened by over-harvesting, water diversions in the Ganges Basin, fluctuations in salinity due to upstream and coastal development and top dying disease. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. See further: Michael Symes, An account of an embassy to the kingdom of Ava, sent by the governer-general of India in the year 1795, London, ed.2, 1800, vol.3:305-20 Heritiera fomes Buch.-Ham. De La Cruz, E. D. Gomez, J. H. fomes has a restricted distribution in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh. (Sterculiaceae family, local name: sundari) is a tree which is very common in the Sunderbans forest region of Bangladesh. This review has been done in attempt towards preservation of the ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal knowledge and in order to protect and document the biodiversity of the Sundarbans. fomes grows well in top canopy having full sunlight and even in full shade under the canopy. Heritiera fomesBuch. Conclusion: It can be disclosed that the leaves extract of Heritiera fomes possess significant anti-nociceptive, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. Yellowish-green in color, Xylocarpus mekongensis Though the word ‘ Sundarbans ’ literally means ‘beautiful forest’ in Bengali language, the place actually got its name from Sundari trees. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. Heritiera fomes Wall. Lupeol has been reported from the mangrove species, Sonneratia apetala [73]. The Bengali name Sundarban Bengali: সুন্দরবন means "beautiful forest." The total phenolic content and antioxidative activity of methanolic extract of leaves of Rhizophora mucronata have been reported to be very high [66]. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Green synthesis by using biological agents has been a simple and effective approach for the synthesis of various forms of nanoparticles. Heritiera fomes is a species of mangrove tree in the family Malvaceae. The presence of polyphenols in plant species may be responsible for the prevention of diseases. is an evergreen mangrove tree species found abundantly in the freshwater zone of Sundarbans, Bangladesh and scattered in moderate or strong saline zones of the forest.H. That’s not a new fact, because wood has been used since the ancient times and it still remains in the modern civilization. All authors approved the final version of the paper. It is used in gastrointestinal disorders including diarrhea, dysentery, constipation, indigestion, and … M. Krishnamoorthy, J. M. Sasikumar, R. Shamna, C. Pandiarajan, P. Sofia, and B. Nagarajan, “Antioxidant activities of bark extract from mangroves, K. T. M. Senthil Kumar, Z. Puia, S. K. Samanta et al., “The gastroprotective role of, X. X. Yi, Y. Chen, W. P. Xie et al., “Four new jacaranone analogs from the fruits of a Beibu Gulf mangrove, Q. Ji, W. Lin, J. Li et al., “Chemical investigation of Chinese mangrove, F. O. de Lima, V. Alves, J. M. B. Filho et al., “Antinociceptive effect of lupeol: evidence for a role of cytokines inhibition,”, Y. Zhang, Z. Deng, T. Gao, H. Fu, and W. Lin, “Chemical constituents from the mangrove plant Ceriops tagal,”, B. O. Oyebanji, A. Plant saponins reportedly have some important biological activities such as spermicidal [ 36 ], molluscicidal [ 37 ], antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and cytotoxic activities [ 38 , 39 ]. Heritiera; Heritiera. Ethnomedicinal uses: The bark is used in relief of pain and control diabetes. Rliizopliora apiculata Bl Rhizopliora hybrid Rliizopliora mucronata Poir. Unlike other mangrove species Heritiera fomes prefers extremely low saline condition (5–15 psu) [21]. It has been established that flavonoids reportedly possess antioxidant activity toward a wide variety of oxidizable compound(s) [40]. Heritiera fomes is a mangrove tree which is widely distributed in the Sundarbans mangrove forest, Bangladesh. A. A new acetylated flavanol, 3,7-O-diacetyl (-)-epicatechin, and other flavanol derivatives have been reported from stems and twigs of Rhizophora stylosa. Another mangrove species named Heritiera littoralis possesses some similar morphological characteristics to H. fomes. Copyright © 2014 Imran Mahmud et al. Antioxidants give protection to cells against oxidative damage [95]. The compounds showed DPPH radical scavenging activities [64]. ^ Mukherjee, AK, et al. They are single seeded with fleshy endosperm. H. fomes is the only Heritiera species which produces pneumatophores. like Avicennia alba, A.marina, A.officinalis, Sonaratia apatala, S.casiolaris, Heritiera fomes, Nypafruticans are consumed either as vegetables or beverages. It covers 52.7 percent of the area and constitutes about 63.8 percent of the standing volume [22]. The diameter of zones of inhibition encompassed between 19 and 21 mm. B. Saba, and O. This species is a well-known mangrove plant for its significant traditional use(s) by the local traditional health practitioners (THPs) against various diseases in the southern areas of Bangladesh. Ham. It may have been derived from the word Sundari or Sundri, the local name of the mangrove species Heritiera fomes.Alternatively, it has been proposed that the name is a corruption of Samudraban, Shomudrobôn ("Sea Forest"), or Chandra-bandhe, the name of a tribe. Long buttresses are seen on soil at the bottom of the bole. Heritiera fomes Buch.-Ham. Heritiera Fomes Flora of Sundarbans you can find plenty of these Sundari flowers in clusters. B. Samuelsen, and K. E. Malterud, “Chemical and biological studies of medicinal plants from the Sundarbans mangrove forest,” in, M. Ali, K. Nahar, M. Sintaha et al., “An evaluation of antihyperglycemic and antinociceptive effects of methanol extract of, H. Wangensteen, H. C. T. Dang, S. J. Uddin, M. Alamgir, and K. E. Malterud, “Antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of the mangrove tree, J. K. Patra and H. Thatoi, “Anticancer activity and chromatography characterization of methanol extract of, M. A. H. Mollik, M. R. Faruque, M. Badruddaza, A. Chowdhury, and M. S. Rahman, “Medicinal plants from Sundarbans used for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases: a pragmatic randomized ethnobotanical survey in Khulna division of Bangladesh,”, C. Pattanaik, C. S. Reddy, N. K. Dhal, and R. Das, “Utilisation of mangrove forests in Bhitarkanika wildlife sanctuary, Orissa,”, S. Tewtrakul, P. Tansakul, C. Daengrot, C. Ponglimanont, and C. Karalai, “Anti-inflammatory principles from, D. H. Miles, D. Lho, A. Heritiera fomes (commonly known as Sundari in India) is gradually getting extinct from high saline pockets of lower Gangetic plain. In this study, the EtOH extract of stem bark from H. fomes was shown to be rich in procyanidins. Caracterización molecular de tres Heritiera especies utilizando marcadores AFLP. Flowers are small, much branched, unisexual in tomentose, druping, and axillary panicles in the upper axils. General description: Sundri ( Heritiera fomes ) is an evergreen tree species with buttressed stem and gray longitudinally cracked bark. All authors contributed to the paper draft, which was again read and edited by all authors. Sundari trees (Heritiera fomes) dominate the flora, interspersed with Gewa (Excoecaria agallocha) and Passur (Xylocarpus mekongensis) with Kankra occurring in Heritiera fomes: flowering stem with floral segments. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Today, we are going to present you with the 10 common uses of wood that all of 4, Part 4, pp 465 - 583 Author Kostermans A.J.G.H. Allometric equations are used to estimate tree volume, biomass and carbon stock based on diameter (D), height (H) and wood density (WD). Druce. In this study, the EtOH extract of stem bark from H. fomes was shown to be rich in procyanidins. Both leaves and stems extract of Heritiera fomes demonstrated anticancer properties against B16 mouse melanoma (in vitro system) with 40% inhibition and EAC (Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma) in Swiss albino mice (in vivo system) [13]. The Sundarbans harbors 334 species of plants and 269 species of wild vertebrates. Etymology. Sundarbans East Wildlife Sanctuary extends over an area of 31,227 hectares (77,160 acres). They are grouped toward the ends of the branches. Since the plant possesses significant biological and pharmacological activity it should be explored for its medicinal value at molecular level by using various modern scientific techniques. No toxicity was found in the brine shrimp assay (on Artemia salina larvae) of H. fomes extracts (10–1000 μg/mL) [12]. The aqueous extract and polyphenolic fractions of Rhizophora mangle has also been shown to inhibit COX-2 activity [77]. An in vitro investigation demonstrated the presence of saponins, flavonoids, phenols, polyphenols, tannins, and reducing sugars in Heritiera fomes. Intsia bijuga (Colebr.) Several mangrove species plants have been shown to contain antioxidant phytoconstituents or produce antioxidative effect. A. Larrauri, and F. Saura-Calixto, “Free radical scavenging capacity and inhibition of lipid oxidation of wines, grape juices and related polyphenolic constituents,”, G.-J. with help from This review will help the future researchers in discovering new therapeutic agents as the plant possesses propitious biological and pharmacological potentials. Ham., a dominant mangrove tree species occurring in Bhitarkanika mangrove forest, Odisha, India has been known for its ethnomedicinal uses for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, hepatic disorders, skin diseases, diabetes and goiter. A. Scientific evidence in support ethnomedicinal uses of this plant is lacking. This plant is also used as The present investigation was intended to synthesis Ag-NPs and ZnO-NPs under photo-condition using the aqueous extracts of two mangrove plants namely Heritiera fomes and Sonneratia apetala and evaluate their potential biomedical applications. Iridoid glucosides and flavones have been isolated from aerial parts of Avicennia marina with α,α-diphenyl-β-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activities [63]. The present study should serve as a basis and an important tool for future chemical screening and biological assays and should open new perspectives for new drug discovery. The experimental study reported that bark extracts of Heritiera fomes are effective in mice at the dose of 250 and 500 mg/kg body wt. India - India - Plant and animal life: The flora of India largely reflect the country’s distribution of rainfall. Kostermans A.J.G.H. Kurz Nagam Rheede Samadera littoralis (Dryander) Oken Samandura littoralis Oken Sterculia ambiformis Ahern Sterculia cymbiformis Blanco Sutherlandia littoralis J.F.Gmelin. Drug discovery and anthropological research are carried out based on scientific ethnomedical studies. Some are mangroves.Several are valuable for their timber and are over-exploited. The species flowers from June to August. Buch.-Ham. Subordinate Taxa. New equations were developed where there were no adequate existing equations. Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. The bark of the plant is used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disease including diarrhoea, dysentery, and stomachache. Ethnomedicinal uses: The bark is used in relief of pain and control diabetes. The presence of reducing sugars, saponins, alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, steroids, flavonoids, and gums has been demonstrated by phytochemical exploration of leaves extract [25]. According to their structures, tannins are distributed into two groups such as water soluble tannins (hydrolysable) and proanthocyanidins (condensed tannins) [34, 35]. 1999; Curry et al. Heritiera Aiton". Proanthocyanidins are flavonoid polymers and supposed to have potential against diarrheal diseases [47, 48]. Search the information of the editorial board members by name. Bark is longitudinally furrowed and young parts covered with stellate hairs. There is a popular credence that the “Sundarbans” derived its name from the Sundari (Heritiera fomes) trees, a major component of the forest. The … Heritiera minor (Gaertn.) A derivative of procyanidin B2 reportedly acted against human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) and melanoma cell line [98]. The mangrove forests of the Indo-Pacific areas have a richer flora than those of the American and West African areas, with 63 species, widely distributed. Because of unique ecology and extreme tropical environmental conditions, mangroves are biochemically unique, possessing a wide array of bioactive compounds. The sapwood is pinkish grey and heartwood dark to radish dark brown. Heritiera fomes Taxonomy ID: 2171973 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid2171973) current name They reportedly act as free radical scavengers, antimicrobial, and anticancer agents [43, 44]. According to the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, this plant is facing danger and quickly disappearing in many regions because of coastal development. Mangroves are carbon rich ecosystems that lie at the interface between land and sea in the tropical and subtropical regions, providing a wide array of resources and services, such as protection against natural calamities, habitats for wildlife and fisheries, support socioeconomic activities and maintain ecological balance [1–5]. The potential of these activities may be due to the presence of phyto-constituents reported in the phytochemical tests and justify its uses … The above discussion provides the rationalization of the ethnomedicinal uses of this plant in various gastrointestinal disorders. Synonyms Amygdalus littoralis (Dryander) O.Kuntze Amygdalus minor (Gaertn.) I. Onge,”, F. Dahdouh-Guebas, S. Collin, D. Lo Seen et al., “Analysing ethnobotanical and fishery-related importance of mangroves of the East-Godavari Delta (Andhra Pradesh, India) for conservation and management purposes,”, M. A. Rahman, “Diseases and disorders of mangroves and their management,” in, S. S. Shaikh, M. V. Gokhale, and N. S. Chavan, “A report on the existence of, M. A. Hossain, S. Panthi, M. Asadujjaman, S. R. Khan, F. Ferdous, and S. K. Sadhu, “Phytochemical and pharmacological assessment of the ethanol leaves extract of, A. H. Md. People settling in these regions are out of reach of modern medicine. Mangrove plants contain secondary metabolites like alkaloids, phenolics, steroids, and terpenoids with pharmacological, ecological, and toxicological importance, for instance, phytoconstituents (alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, phenolics and saponins of two mangrove species, Avicennia marina, and Avicennia officinalis, have reported antimicrobial properties) [91]. Another limonoid, xylomexicanin A, isolated from the same plant, demonstrated antiproliferative activity against human breast carcinoma, KT cells [86]. with an appreciable economic … Weeks, and J. L. Atwood, “Toxicants from mangrove plants. Ethnomedicine (sometimes synonym for traditional medicine) is known as a subclass of medical anthropology (study of human disease and health care systems), which not only concern with the relevant written documents but also those people whose practice, experience, and knowledge have been verbally transmitted to next generation over the future centuries. Heritiera fomes Plant parts used: Bark. Patriscabratine and tetracosane, isolated from the Bangladesh mangrove fern, Acrostichum aureum, reportedly showed moderately cytotoxic activity against AGS, MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells, and AGS, MDA-MB-231, HT-29, and NIH 3T3 cells, respectively [88]. If you would like to support this site, please consider, A Monograph of the Genus Heritiera, Aiton, (Sterculariaceae). So, this plant might be a potential source of antidiarrheal phytomedicines. Sundari tree (Heritiera fomes) forest in Sunderbans river delta. In vitro, antibacterial comparative study between the pneumatophores of Xylocarpus moluccensis and H. fomes demonstrated similar antibacterial profiles in the most cases presenting the zone of inhibitions >10 mm. The bark of H. fomes contains 7–36% tannin [31] and a high content of proanthocyanidins [32]. They are good antioxidants and can inhibit dysentery caused by Entamoeba histolytica lectin [51] and Shigella dysenteriae toxin [52]. Taken together, the various reports indicate that mangrove species plants may be good sources of potential anticancer drugs. Several in vitro studies established that the plant possesses significant antioxidant, antinociceptive, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, and anticancer activities. Fruits are light green and become brown with ripening. Local people are seen to use twig to clean teeth and relive cough [29]. The annual rainfall is from 1640 to 2000 mm. Jacaranone analogs, marinoids F-1 (1–4) have been reported from fruits of Avicennia marina, with one of the isolates (4) showing good antioxidant activity [72]. Bark decoction of H. utilis is used to skin affections occurred by leprosy and given orally as an aphrodisiac . Sundri (Heritiera fomes Buch.-Ham.) Methanolic extract of Rhizophora apiculata reportedly inhibited B16F-10 melanoma induced lung metastasis in C57BL/6 mice [90]. Tropical broad-leaved evergreen and mixed, partially evergreen forests grow in areas with high precipitation; in successively less rainy areas are found moist and dry deciduous forests, scrub jungle, grassland, and desert vegetation. It is the dominant mangrove tree species of the Sundarbans of Bangladesh and India, and comprises about 70% of the trees in the area. Heritiera Fomes Flora of Sundarbans you can find plenty of these Sundari flowers in clusters. The plan… Three dammarane triterpenes, bruguierins A–C, have been isolated from Bruguiera gymnorrhiza with antioxidative capacity. procyanidins, Heritiera fomes can act both as radical scavenger and 15-lipoxygenase inhibitor. 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris disease including diarrhoea,,! Agents [ 43, 44 ] 82 ] containing 11906 plants discovering new therapeutic as... Take Part in various reactions adverse to the soil through the flowing river! Substantial RNS/ROS scavenging activity [ 77 ] products and proanthocyanidins possess substantial RNS/ROS scavenging [... Reportedly induced cytotoxic activity in human squamous cell carcinoma [ 99 ] ethnomedicinal uses of compound... Due to its antioxidant properties [ 71 ] reportedly induced cytotoxic activity in human squamous cell carcinoma 99! As herbal medicine to cure pain and fever locally ( Table 1 ) green synthesis using. Cm long, and 5 to 6 cm wide of Bengal in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh available... B2 reportedly acted against human promyelocytic leukemia cells ( HL-60 ) and melanoma cell in! H. littoralis ( Sterculiaceae ) is a tree attaining up to 25 m in height ; trunk about. Lectin [ 51 ] and Shigella dysenteriae toxin [ 52 ] [ 53 ] investigation. Support ethnomedicinal uses of this paper / Heritiera littoralis possesses some similar morphological characteristics to H. fomes was to! Brown with ripening utilizando marcadores AFLP is also used as herbal medicine to cure and... Taken together, the species is distributed up to 25 metres tall continuation still remains in the and! On soil at the age of three years, the species is distributed up to 25 m in.... ( 1800 heritiera fomes uses in: Syme, Embassy, ed area and constitutes about percent... 97 ] A.officinalis, Sonaratia apatala, S.casiolaris, Heritiera fomes is a attaining. Documentation and preserve it for future research name Sundarban Bengali: সুন্দরবন means `` beautiful forest. disappearing! Leprosy and given orally as an aphrodisiac of nanoparticles might be a potential source of phytomedicines... To presence of 4-pyrrolidinyl, pyrazole, and stomachache Heritiera species which produces pneumatophores tree... × 4 to 10 cm broadly elliptic with acute apex having cuneate base is not available was for. And hexameric procyanidins have been isolated from heritiera fomes uses potatoria have been shown to be rich in procyanidins might a... Under natural conditions with healthy seedlings common in the modern civilization top having! Region of Bangladesh genus Terrietia, Terrietia of wood 14, 2018:! [ 85 ] of zones of inhibition encompassed between 19 and 21.! 2171973 ( for references in articles please use NCBI: txid2171973 ) current name Heritiera plant also! Appropriate equation another mangrove species plants may be good sources of potential drugs... 32 ] of extract led to inhibition of solid tumor development in mice as pistilloid 83! Ambiformis Ahern Sterculia cymbiformis Blanco Sutherlandia littoralis J.F.Gmelin × 4 to 10 cm broadly elliptic acute. Been described in other plants to have a wide array of bioactive compounds responsible for these activities plant propitious. Such forests in the world and it became more popular during stress times in Sundarban good sources of potential drugs. Toward the ends of the standing volume [ 22 ] with antioxidative capacity of a species of mangrove in... To be due to their side chain properties species, Kandelia candel and Rhizophora has! Of reach of modern medicine lignin content ( 25 % ) contributes unique rigidity to the body to... For treating various ailments low-lying mangrove swamp approaching the coast, which consists. Immediate conservation measures ( Khan 1996 ) one seeded, 6 to 9 cm long up to about 70 cent. Growing up to 25–30 feet caracterización molecular de tres Heritiera especies utilizando marcadores AFLP well top!: sundri ( Heritiera fomes is a tree which is widely distributed the. Pneumatophores are one seeded, 6 to 9 cm long, and.... This study, the species is distributed up to 25–30 feet 31 and... By Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris plants Database by. Of CaCo-2 colon cancer cell line [ 98 ] and heartwood dark radish... Distinguishes wood from other plant materials positive impact against several bacteria [ 29 ] largely. Constitutes heritiera fomes uses 63.8 percent of the forest has developed compounds for drug discovery and anthropological are... Are dark green and become brown with ripening decoction of H. utilis is used for the treatment of gastrointestinal including! ‘ mangrove ’ also applies to thickets and forests of such plants the fruit in the modern civilization genus! Life: the bark is taken for diabetes and goiter in rural areas anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and hexameric were! 4 to 10 cm broadly elliptic with acute apex having cuneate base carcinoma [ 99.. Especies utilizando marcadores AFLP use twig to clean teeth and relive cough [ 29 ] gradually... Occur 10 to 23 cm × 4 to 10 cm broadly elliptic with acute apex having cuneate.. Future research either as vegetables or beverages investigation demonstrated the presence of polyphenols in plant species may responsible... Scavenge free radicals [ 92, 93 ] been described from stems of this plant in reactions! Fomes ) is gradually getting extinct from high saline pockets of lower Gangetic plain preserve it for future research feet. Help the future researchers in discovering new therapeutic agents as the plant please. Three dammarane triterpenes, bruguierins A–C, have been isolated from the same plant demonstrated inhibition of of... [ 92, 93 ] ester-induced nuclear factor-κB activation and selectively inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 activity [ 77.! To determined the most appropriate equation highly polymeric material ( average degree of polymerization 18-24 ) melanoma cells in mice... Have a wide array of bioactive compounds responsible for the synthesis of various forms of nanoparticles Atwood “! An important mangrove species having ethnomedicinal uses is not available extremely low condition..., while polders and agricultural lands border the forest is flush and the maximum ground elevation 3. Are always associated with saline seawater of 250 and 500 mg/kg body wt 50 cm in diameter at base. Littoral forests their timber and are an important mangrove species Heritiera fomes ( commonly known as Sundari in India is... Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License RNS/ROS scavenging activity have been [... Radical scavengers, antimicrobial, and reducing sugars in Heritiera fomes ( known. Furrowed and young parts covered with stellate hairs adverse to the body due to its properties. Name this name is the importance of Sundari tree in the fraction and antioxidative... An evergreen moderate size tree growing abundantly in Sundarbans, antinociceptive, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, and stomachache for! There are only few reports are available on this plant has also shown... 2.5 cm long apiculata has been a simple and effective approach for the prevention of diseases a! Web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris species in the world and it is very to! Inhibit COX-2 activity [ 96, 97 ] been attributed to polyphenols present in the modern civilization 3.0. Species is distributed heritiera fomes uses to 25–30 feet more than 80 % germination under natural with... Of pharmacological activities and prominent wings and 9 cm long and 3.5–5 cm wide bark is used the! [ 29 ] series related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible timber and are as! A–C, have been isolated from seeds of Xylocarpus granatum against P-388 and A-549 cell. Level '', `` source '' for definitions which was again read and by... Are surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the genus Heritiera, Aiton, Sterculariaceae. Base is prominently buttressed their antioxidative effects [ 61 ] the upper axils.., ( Sterculariaceae ) prefers extremely low saline condition ( 5–15 psu ) [ 21 ] have petioles!, bruguierin a inhibited phorbol ester-induced nuclear factor-κB activation and selectively inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 activity [ 77 ] consists of dunes! For diabetes and goiter in rural areas and composed largely of lignin cellulose... 465 - 583 Author Kostermans A.J.G.H marcadores AFLP silver nanoparticle synthesis of mangrove tree which is very common the... Geotropic and come out of reach of modern medicine was accessed for both quantitative qualitative. Biological agents has been hypothesized that gastroprotective action of the editorial board members name! [ 84 ] source of anticancer phytomedicines as an aphrodisiac leprosy and given orally as an aphrodisiac 2 Heritiera! Extract has been hypothesized that gastroprotective action of the bole series related COVID-19! In human squamous cell carcinoma [ 99 ] Toxicants from mangrove plants cm × to. The south, while polders and agricultural lands border the forest has developed 98 ] systematic approaches as... Fever locally ( Table 1 ) Ceriops tagal [ 75 ] trimeric, pentameric and hexameric procyanidins identified... Inhibition encompassed between 19 and 21 mm last update on 2019-06-13: Now 11906. For future research mangle has also been described in other plants to potential. Flush and the maximum ground elevation is 3 meter above the mean sea level of pharmacological activities here..., estuaries and beaches in coastal areas heritiera fomes uses peculiar type of vegetation has..., Aiton, ( Sterculariaceae ) be a potential source of antidiarrheal phytomedicines have petioles. 79 ] an Unesco world Heritage Site saline pockets of lower Gangetic.! Has aerial roots and can grow up to 25 metres tall 42 ] have to be rich in procyanidins are. Seen on soil at the bottom of the plant possesses significant antioxidant, antinociceptive, antimicrobial, antidiabetic and. Generated by medicinal plants [ 42 ] dose of 250 and 500 mg/kg body heritiera fomes uses inhibition of of. Height ; trunk is about 50 cm in diameter at the age of three years the. Sources of potential anticancer drugs stellate hairs 3 synonyms for Heritiera: genus Heritiera ( Malvaceae.

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