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maize lethal necrosis disease solutions

The coinfecting viruses act synergistically to result in frequent plant death or severely reduce or negligible yield. ò MAIZE LETHAL NECROSIS HISTORY In September 2011, a disease outbreak in Kenya was positively identified as Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease (MLND). Maize Lethal Necrosis disease (MLND) is a key regional and transboundary challenge that continues to bring havoc to farmers’ maize grain harvest and threatens food security in the eastern African region. By: Lava Kumar et al Viruses involved in maize lethal necrosis disease Maize lethal necrosis disease symptoms (Photo la and Photo 1b) is caused by the synergistic co-infection of maize with maize chloro- tic mottle virus symptoms (Photo 2) and any virus from the family Potyviridae, these include wheat streak mosaic virus, maize dwarf “There has been a tremendous progress in research of an alternative maize crop disease control since the establishment of MLN screening facility back in September 2011 when we collaborated with KALRO to put up the research facility in Naivasha. The disease is difficult to control for two reasons: It is caused by a combination of two viruses that are dif Case Study 2: Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease (MLND) Possible solutions: A government or agricultural industry task force can help provide surveillance and workshops to educate farmers so they can identify the problem early on. Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) is a severe disease affecting corn. All these trait-associated markers have been validated in biparental populations. Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease in East Africa - Duration: 8:51. Top of page. We produced a maize lethal necrosis poster in English that targeted farmers and translated it into Kiswahili for Tanzania and Kenyan audiences, Kalenjin for Kenya and seven languages in Uganda. Presentation during IITA R4D week 2015 (23 - 27 Nov. 2015). © Copyright 2019 CABI is a registered EU trademark, Managing Maize lethal necrosis disease in eastern and central Africa, Like most websites we use cookies. Passing through two further sets of safety doors, she arrives at the greenhouse where several hundred young maize plants await inoculation. When maize lethal necrosis (MLN) was first reported in Bomet County, Kenya, in September 2011 and spread rapidly to several countries in eastern Africa, agricultural experts feared this emerging maize disease would severely impact regional food security. To reduce instances and severity of the disease and its spread the team sought to increase and achieve equitable access and use of technologies, innovations, management practices and knowledge of disease management. Enhance communication, information and knowledge on MLND with key CABI activities to. Highlights Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) emerged as a serious threat to maize production and livelihoods of smallholders in eastern Africa since 2011. Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. Crop rotation: Grow non-maize crop like legumes after the maize crop to avoid regular MLN host. Control: Immediately remove diseased plants from your fields. An intensive multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional strategy is being implemented to curb the spread of MLN in sub-Saharan Africa, and mitigate the impact of the disease. Called maize lethal necrosis (MLN; or corn lethal necrosis, CLN), it can devastate maize crops. Through use of various channels to reach stakeholders along the value chain, CABI disseminated information on the threat of the disease and ways to manage it. A new challenge for maize scientists in East Africa. The project aimed to ensure MLND was sustainably managed in eastern and central Africa; increasing productivity and efficiency of the maize value chain. The team conducted an information needs assessment in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda that guided the development of a project communication plan. In the Biosafety Laboratory at CIMMYT headquarters, El Batán, Monica Mezzalama cuts up some MLN-infected maize leaves and crushes them into a buffer solution. Farmers view maize seedlings under research in Naivasha during inauguration of the Maize lethal necrosis disease screening center in KARI-Naivasha.Photo/George Murage. •. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. Plant Microbiology - Viral Diseases : FACT SHEET NO. We also disseminated MLNDs information through 82 plant health rallies in over 20 districts and provinces throughout Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda which reached over 11,635 farmers, traders, community leaders and agro-dealers (5,241 men, 3,921 women and 2,473 youth and children). MLN is a new disease … beans, faba bean, chickpea etc.) A serious disease outbreak in Kenya, later diagnosed as maize lethal necrosis, was first reported in September 2011 in the Longisa division of the Bomet district. Scientists, policymakers, seed companies and regulators converge to seek solutions on maize lethal necrosis. These are estimated to have reached at least 50,000 listeners. The plants are dusted with a fine grey powder to cause surface damage, allowing the disease-causing viruses to enter when Mezzalama … They also recommend not moving infected maize plants and seeds to disease-free areas. Use maize varieties that are resistant to MLN . Symptoms similar to MLN were reported in Uganda, Tanzania, South Sudan and Ethiopia. The team also used radios and television shows to channel information. The double infection of the two viruses gives rise to what is known as MLND, also referred to as Corn … The maize lethal necrosis (MLN) screening facility at the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) Naivasha in Kenya. Efforts in managing the maize lethal necrosis disease have contributed to reducing seed production losses, an expert has said. (Photo: George Mahuku/CIMMYT) This announcement by Dr. L. M. Suresh was originally published on the Maize Lethal Necrosi s Information Portal of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) . One of the management options for the disease is vector control by the use of insecticides. Nairobi, Kenya, May 11, 2015 – More than 150 participants will gather in Nairobi for an international conference from May 12 to 14, 2015, to share knowledge on the latest diagnostics and screening methods for the maize lethal necrosis (MLN) disease, and assess ways of curbing its spread … It’s caused by infection with two viruses, MCMoV (Maize chlorotic mottle virus) and one from the Potyviridae group, MDMV (Maize dwarf mosaic virus), WSMV (Wheat streak mosaic virus), and SCMV (Sugarcane mosaic virus). The maize lethal necrosis (MLN) artificial inoculation screening site in Naivasha, Kenya, will begin its phenotyping (screening/ indexing) cycle of 2019 at the beginning of January 2019 and in other four intervals throughout the year. CIMMYT 1,457 views. You are here: However, the observed symptoms were more severe than commonly associated with MCMV, suggesting the presence of maize lethal necrosis (MLN), a disease that results from maize infection with both MCMV and a potyvirus (4). [email protected]. •. Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease (MLN Disease, MLND, Corn Lethal Necrosis) is a disease affecting maize (corn) chiefly in East Africa. In addition, four print media articles on the problems and management of the disease were published in national newspapers in Uganda and Kenya, including; ‘Seeds of Gold’ in both countries, ‘Harvest Money’ magazine and ‘New Vision’. The Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease (MLND) is a result of a combination of two viruses, the Maize Chlorotic Mottle Virus (MCMoV) and any of the cereal viruses in the Potyviridae group, like the Sugarcane Mosaic Virus (SCMV), Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus (WSMV) or Maize Dwarf Mosaic Virus (MDMV). International coalition keeps devastating maize disease at bay, but risks still linger. Maize is an important food crop in majority of households in East and Central Africa, where it accounts for 40-50% of the calories and proteins consumed. Seed Inspectors can check for Maize lethal necrosis disease (MLND) in seed farms. Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease (MLND) diagnostic solutions. Prevention. Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) is a disease of maize caused by the combination of Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and a virus belonging to the potyviridae family. Plant maize at the onset of the main rainy season, rather than during the short rain season; this creates a break between maize crops and interrupts the disease cycle; Weed fields regularly to eliminate alternate hosts for insect vectors. Since then the disease has been reported in Rwanda and DR . for at least 2-3 years/seasons and removing alternate hosts including, sorghum, grasses, millet, wheat, oats, sudan grass. This project researched solutions to minimize or eliminate the risks and effects of the disease in the region. Environmental Impact. The disease was first reported in Bomet county in 2011 in Bomet before spreading to other maize-growing regions. This contributed to increased maize productivity in the region and hence improved food security and income. Five live radio talk shows, three recorded radio programmes and one recorded TV news item were broadcast in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The most commons are the potyvirus Sugarcane Mosaic Virus (SCMV), Maize Dwarf Mosaic Virus () or the tritimovirus Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus (WSMV). NARO Secretariat, 13 Lugard Avenue, P.O. Farmers should remove Sep 26. Home / Projects / Managing Maize lethal necrosis disease in eastern and central Africa. Maize lethal necrosis disease (MLND) negatively affects maize crops and their seeds and is threatening food and economic security in East and Central Africa. Avoid visiting your maize ˜eld once in contact with any The outbreak and rapid spread of Maize lethal necrosis disease has emerged as a great challenge to maize production, threatening food security for the majority of households in the Eastern and Central Africa region. The major biotic causes of stress in maize include Striga a parasitic weed, insect pest, diseases mainly northern corn leaf blight, maize lethal necrosis (MLN), Maize streak virus (MSV), and common leaf rust, gray leaf spot (GLS), stalk and ear rot. Sign up to receive the latest news, information, updates and offers from CABI. Of 17 symptomatic leaf samples from each Bomet and Naivasha, nine from Bomet and all 17 from Naivasha were positive for MCMV. Domestic regulation can be put in place to prevent the movement of maize products from affected areas to disease-free regions. Maize is planted by a large number of farmers so the increased use of pesticides in the production of maize may have a negative impact on the environment. This project researched solutions to minimize or eliminate the risks and effects of the disease in the region. get common solution in consultation with the Ministry of Agriculture. These facilities include Maize Lethal Necrosis (MLN) screening facility in Naivasha, Kiboko’s Crops Research Station among others. – Identify existing  knowledge on MLND and the information needs and opportunities, – Improve dissemination of Maize lethal necrosis information, – Create awareness of Maize lethal necrosis among stakeholders. CIMMYT scientists have discovered several marker trait associations for crop diseases including maize lethal necrosis (MLN), maize streak virus (MSV), corn rust and turcicum leaf blight. Partners of the CABI-led programme, Plantwise recommend where possible using certified, disease-free seed. By 2012, symptoms consistent with maize lethal necrosis were observed in a number of districts in the Central, Nyanza, Western and Rift Valley provinces of Kenya. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use, Develop and disseminate Maize lethal necrosis  resistant/ tolerant maize varieties that were adaptable to eastern Africa, Validate and disseminate proven MLND technologies, innovations and management practices in an integrated way to prevent the spread, Enhance the knowledge base on MLND viruses and the epidemiology of the disease in eastern Africa, Facilitate policy and economic analyses and advocacy to guide viable, equitable and gender responsive management interventions, Strengthen regional capacity for innovation to prevent and control Maize lethal necrosis. The disease is caused by the combination of Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and a virus belonging to the potyviridae family, commonly Sugarcane Mosaic Virus (SCMV). Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease. he International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre. We trained over 84 extension staff, local administrators and researchers in packaging and disseminating information. Rotate maize with non-cereal crops such as sweet potato or beans for a period of 2-3 seasons if MLND had attacked your or neighbouring fields; Do not plant maize near fields with infested maize as the disease will spread into your field; Avoid movement of green maize from infected areas to disease-free … The double infection of the two viruses gives rise to what The project on ‘Preventing Seed Transmission of Maize Lethal Necrosis in Africa’ aims to generate a better understanding of these epidemiological issues to allow for more effective control of MCMV transmission through commercial seed, support the development of effective, evidence-based phytosanitary regulations, reduce MLN disease pressure in eastern Africa, and curb the spread to non … Knowledge is power! Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) is a disease of maize caused by coinfection of maize with maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and one of several viruses from the Potyviridae, such as sugarcane mosaic virus, maize dwarf mosaic virus, Johnsongrass mosaic virus or wheat streak mosaic virus. A serious new disease of maize appeared in the farmers’ fields in eastern Africa in 2011. Deadly maize lethal necrosis disease under control, says expert. For production and use of clean certified MCMV disease free maize seeds . Maize lethal necrosis disease (MLND) negatively affects maize crops and their seeds and is threatening food and economic security in East and Central Africa. An intensive multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional strategy is being implemented to curb the spread of MLN in … Box 295. Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) emerged as a serious threat to maize production and livelihoods of smallholders in eastern Africa since 2011. D I S E A S E F R E E D I S E A S E F R E E CERTIFIED Disease-free certified seed: Use certi˜ed seeds from a reputed seed agency or company. A plant health inspectorate organization can test for Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) in all seed coming into the country including the material for breeding. 8:51. The Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease (MLND) is a result of a combination of two viruses, the Maize Chlorotic Mottle Virus (MCMoV) and any of the cereal viruses in the Potyviridae group, like the Sugarcane Mosaic Virus (SCMV), Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus (WSMV) or Maize Dwarf Mosaic Virus (MDMV). Sally Kosgei eulogises former president Daniel Arap Moi - Duration: 20:39. Entebbe, Uganda, Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA), National Agricultural Research Institutes from the respective project countries, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT), CABI is a member of:  The Association of International Research and Development Centers for Agriculture. We also produced a mini video on the project for use online which covered the annual review and planning meeting. Plantwise and partners also recommend rotating with non-cereal crops (e.g. Through use of various channels to reach stakeholders along the value chain, CABI disseminated information on the threat of the disease and … The viruses are vectored by insects as maize thrips, rootworms and leaf beetles. , South sudan and Ethiopia news, information and knowledge on MLND with key CABI activities to and beetles! The region and hence improved food security and income samples from each and. 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These are estimated to have reached at least 2-3 years/seasons maize lethal necrosis disease solutions removing alternate hosts including, sorghum,,. 27 Nov. 2015 ) screening center in KARI-Naivasha.Photo/George Murage planning meeting since then the disease first..., millet, wheat, oats, sudan grass improved food security and income been validated biparental... Can devastate maize crops needs assessment in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda possible using certified, seed... ( MLND ) diagnostic solutions wheat, oats, sudan grass improved food and... Radio programmes and one recorded TV news item were broadcast in Kenya, and... Rotating with non-cereal crops ( e.g devastate maize crops necrosis, CLN ), it can devastate maize.. Moving infected maize plants and seeds to disease-free areas we also produced a mini on. 2-3 years/seasons and removing alternate hosts including, sorghum, grasses, millet wheat. 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