Lance Edward Armstrong (born Lance Edward Gunderson; September 18, 1971) is an American former professional road racing cyclist.He was regarded as a sports icon for his seven consecutive Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005, the most in the event's history.However, Armstrong's reputation was tarnished by a doping scandal and he was stripped of all of his achievements from August 1998 …  The mission was generally successful, despite a problem with the fuel cells that prevented a rendezvous. Armstrong engaged the Reentry Control System (RCS) and turned off the OAMS.  Armstrong used to autograph everything except first day covers. Armstrong shut the engine off and said, "Shutdown." During these calls, they learned of the deaths of Gus Grissom, Ed White and Roger Chaffee in the fire. , It took thirty minutes to clear the runway and rig another arresting cable.  Scott was the first member of the third group of astronauts, whose selection was announced on October 18, 1963, to receive a prime crew assignment. His father was an auditor for the Ohio state government, and the family moved around the state repeatedly, living in 16 towns over the next 14 years. In 1947, Armstrong began his studies in aeronautical engineering at Purdue University on a U.S. Navy scholarship.  On the same evening an official state dinner was held in Los Angeles to celebrate the flight, attended by members of Congress, 44 governors, the Chief Justice of the United States, and ambassadors from 83 nations. , To give the astronauts practice piloting the LM on its descent, NASA commissioned Bell Aircraft to build two Lunar Landing Research Vehicles (LLRV), later augmented with three Lunar Landing Training Vehicles (LLTV). After he resigned from NASA in 1971, Armstrong taught in the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Cincinnati until 1979. Armstrong telephoned Edwards and asked for someone to collect him. On July 20, 1969, Armstrong and Apollo 11 Lunar Module (LM) pilot Buzz Aldrin became the first people to land on the Moon, and the next day they spent two and a half hours outside the Lunar Module Eagle spacecraft while Michael Collins remained in lunar orbit in the Apollo Command Module Columbia. The press-shy astronaut returned to the spotlight in 2010 to express his concerns over changes made to the U.S. space program. He was chairman of the Purdue Aero Flying Club, and flew the club's aircraft, an Aeronca and a couple of Pipers, which were kept at nearby Aretz Airport in Lafayette, Indiana. This friendly, fun biography series focuses on the traits that made our heroes great--the traits that kids can aspire to in order to live heroically themselves. 0: 4.  As the Eagle's landing radar acquired the surface, several computer error alarms sounded.  During training, Armstrong had, on several occasions, landed with fewer than 15 seconds of fuel; he was also confident the LM could survive a fall of up to 50 feet (15 m).  Even though he was nearly killed, Armstrong maintained that without the LLRV and LLTV, the lunar landings would not have been successful, as they gave commanders essential experience in piloting the lunar landing craft. He died on August 25, 2012 in Cincinnati, Ohio.  An initial report to the commanding officer of Essex said that Armstrong's F9F Panther was hit by anti-aircraft fire. According to The Times, after Armstrong checked into Mercy Health — Fairfield Hospital with symptoms of heart disease in August 2012, doctors made a questionable decision to immediately perform bypass surgery. Diana Krall sang the song "Fly Me to the Moon". After earning his release from active duty in 1952, Armstrong returned to college. He wrote and co-directed two musicals as part of the all-student revue. His contribution to the space program, and our understanding of outer space, can't be measured. The couple had three children: Eric, Karen, and Mark.  His mother later said that his religious views caused her grief and distress in later life, as she was more religious. Janet Armstrong was born on March 23, 1934 in Wilmette, Illinois, USA as Janet Elizabeth Shearon. Armstrong and Butchart brought the aircraft into a nose-down attitude to increase speed, then launched the Skyrocket. , Armstrong donated his papers to Purdue. , After being released from an 18-day quarantine to ensure that they had not picked up any infections or diseases from the Moon, the crew was feted across the United States and around the world as part of a 38-day "Giant Leap" tour. Neil Armstrong did his Bachelor’s in aeronautical engineering at Purdue University. The Eagle has landed." My friend Neil took the small step but giant leap that changed the world and will forever be remembered as a landmark moment in human history.". A few years later, Armstrong joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), which later became the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The hospital eventually reached a $6 million settlement with Armstrong's surviving family, with the stipulation that the details surrounding the medical care and settlement remain private.  Two fragments of wood from the propeller and four pieces of fabric from the wing from the 1903 Wright Flyer that Armstrong took to the Moon fetched between $112,500 and $275,000 each. Neil Armstrong was an American astronaut who was born on the 5 th of August, 1930 at Ohio, United States. He turned and set his left boot on the lunar surface at 02:56 UTC July 21, 1969, then said, "That's one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind. In 1969, I was the first person on the Moon. and 'How I Met Your Mother.' Henceforth, each Gemini mission was commanded by a member of Armstrong's group, with a member of Scott's group as the pilot. The group included Armstrong, Edmund Hillary, Hillary's son Peter, Steve Fossett, and Patrick Morrow.  A 2016 peer-reviewed study again concluded Armstrong had included the article.  Methods of circumventing this difficulty existed, but it is not known if these were considered at the time. Neil A. Armstrong from Wapakoneta, Ohio, was the first man to create world history by walking on the moon on July 20, 1969. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. The mission was planned to the minute, with the majority of photographic tasks performed by Armstrong with the single Hasselblad camera. He chaired the board through the company's 2000 merger with EDO Corporation, until his retirement in 2002. Around 1993, he found out his signatures were being sold online, and that most of them were forgeries, and stopped giving autographs. Mindful that Armstrong would have objected to a state funeral, his family opted to have a private funeral in Cincinnati. He supported states' rights and opposed the U.S. acting as the "world's policeman". Neil Alden Armstrong was born on August 5, 1930, near Wapakoneta, Ohio. The hospital, fearing the bad publicity that would result from being accused of negligently causing the death of a revered figure such as Armstrong, agreed to pay as long as the family never spoke about the suit or the settlement. Under the normal rotation system, the backup crew for one mission became the prime crew for the third mission after, but Slayton designated David Scott as the pilot of Gemini 8. A graduate of Purdue University, Armstrong studied aeronautical engineering; his college tuition was paid for by the U.S. Navy under the Holloway Plan. Neil Armstrong was born in Wapakoneta, Ohio, on August 5, 1930. – Armstrong dies at the age of 82, following complications from the cardiovascular procedures. He applied at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) High-Speed Flight Station at Edwards Air Force Base. With a final focus on the first moon landing and Neil Armstrong. Milt Thompson was sent in an F-104B, the only two-seater available, but a plane Thompson had never flown. According to Armstrong, he was making a low bombing run at 350 mph (560 km/h) when 6 feet (1.8 m) of his wing was torn off after it collided with a cable that was strung across the hills as a booby trap.  Armstrong's wife, Carol, was not a party to the lawsuit. Part of the confusion arose from the similarity between the names of the country of Lebanon, which has a majority Muslim population, and Armstrong's longtime residence in Lebanon, Ohio.  See was designated to command Gemini 9. Neil Armstrong real name was Neil Alden Armstrong. So it didn't seem to me there was much point in thinking of something to say if we'd have to abort landing. According to Armstrong, he had the same amount of work but received half his salary. After cutting Armstrong's hair, Sizemore sold some of it to a collector for $3,000 without Armstrong's knowledge. Armstrong was the first westerner to see the supersonic Tupolev Tu-144 and was given a tour of the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center, which he described as "a bit Victorian in nature".  He began his master's degree while stationed at Edwards years before, and completed it after Apollo 11 by presenting a report on various aspects of Apollo, instead of a thesis on the simulation of hypersonic flight. 0: 1. I changed it as soon as I found they had the time line that showed that.  In 2010, Armstrong voiced the character of Dr. Jack Morrow in Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey, an animated educational sci-fi adventure film initiated by JPL/NASA through a grant from Jet Propulsion Lab. In 2005, he said that a human mission to Mars would be easier than the lunar challenge of the 1960s.  Flags were flown at half-staff on the day of Armstrong's funeral. Along with Michael Collins and Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin, he was part of NASA's first manned mission to the moon. The astronauts chatted with the assembled dignitaries until 18:45, when Carpenter went to the airport, and the others returned to the Georgetown Inn, where they each found messages to phone the MSC. Used to autograph everything except first day covers and were later rescued by the Scouts with their Eagle... 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